Front Yard Landscaping Design in Kew

Your front yard is visitors' and passersby's first impression of your home, and it deserves to make a statement. Whether you want to enhance the kerb appeal, create an inviting outdoor space, or revitalise the aesthetics of your house, we have you covered. In this blog, we will explore various landscaping design ideas, tips and trends specifically tailored to front-yard landscaping in the beautiful suburb of Kew. Kew is approximately six (6) kilometres east of the Melbourne Central Business District (CBD) and is part of the City of Boroondara local government area. Kew is known for its tree-lined streets, beautiful gardens, and large public parks that offer extensive gardens, walking paths and recreational facilities. So, get ready to transform your front yard into a stunning showcase that reflects your style and enhances the charm of your home. Let's dive into the world of landscaping design in Kew.

Rendered landscape design front yard in Kew
Rendered landscape design front yard in Kew

This front yard landscape in the Kew perfectly combines softscaping and hardscaping. Both the landscape elements have been used very well, which adds to the property's aesthetic value and attracts people's eyes.


Concrete floating steps

Concrete floating steps are precast or poured structures used for ascending or descending in a stair-like manner. Concrete steps at the entrance of a landscape offer numerous benefits. They provide a durable and long-lasting solution, enhancing the aesthetic appeal. Concrete steps also ensure safety and easy access, especially during inclement weather conditions, requiring minimal maintenance.

Front Yard Landscaped concrete floating steps.
Front Yard Landscaped concrete floating steps.

At the entrance of this property in the Kew, concrete steps were used, which are 1.89 m long and 0.4 m wide and fifteen in number. These elegant concrete step slabs create a defined path leading visitors to the entrance. Curves are incorporated to make the entrance more interesting.

Concrete Path Design

A concrete walkway in your  landscape can be practical and visually appealing. It offers a clear path for navigating through the garden, prevents trampling on delicate plants, and adds structure to the overall design. The concrete walkway also provides a resilient and long-lasting surface that is resistant to wear and tear.

Front yard Landscaped Concrete Path Design
Landscaped Concrete Path Design

In this landscape design in Kew, the front garden is separated from the residence by a concrete walkway approximately 1.2 m wide. This white-coloured walkway presents a very beautiful scene with green plants behind it. A concrete walkway has been built along the house's outer wall, which adds to the house's beauty.


Driveway with dark cobblestone finish

Dark cobblestone typically refers to a type of stone with a dark, usually grey or black, colour and a rough texture. It is commonly used in outdoor hardscape projects such as driveways, walkways and patios to create a rustic or vintage look.

front yard Concrete Floating Steps and dark cobblestone concrete driveway.
Concrete Floating Steps and dark cobblestone concrete driveway.

A well-designed driveway in the front yard landscape is important for several reasons. It provides a designated vehicle area, improves accessibility, enhances kerb appeal and adds structure.

The driveway in this front yard landscape in Kew has a dark cobblestone finish, which can bring several benefits to this custom design landscape. The dark colour adds visual interest and contrast, creating an elegant and sophisticated look. The rough texture of cobblestone provides good traction and enhances safety for vehicles.

Front yard Fences

A fence is a key feature of landscaping. A fence will go a long way in keeping your outdoor space private, stylish and offer protection for children and pets, preventing them from wandering off or encountering potential dangers. Therefore it is necessary to border your front yard with stylish fence ideas that enhance privacy without compromising on great design.

Front Fence Design for the Kew landscaping design project.
Front Yard Front Fence Design for the Kew landscaping design project.

A vertical metal fence is created around this front yard garden in Kew, Australia, which provides a sleek and modern aesthetic that can complement contemporary architecture. The vertical orientation of this fence creates a sense of height and openness while maintaining privacy. Its black colour provides a striking contrast against the surrounding and enhances the visual appeal of the landscape.


A well maintained lawn

Maintaining a well-groomed lawn holds significant importance. It enhances the kerb appeal of your property, making a positive first impression on visitors and passersby. A well-maintained lawn provides recreational activities and relaxation space, boosting mental well-being. Regular upkeep of your front yard lawn showcases your pride in homeownership and creates a welcoming atmosphere for all.

Front Yard Front Lawn Landscaping Design in Kew.
Front Yard Front Lawn Landscaping Design in Kew.

This front yard landscape at Kew also features a well-maintained lawn. The lawn is designed in a slopping manner which enhances the beauty of the property. Various grasses, shrubs and trees are planted around the lawn due to which aesthetics and functionality of the front due to which aesthetics and functionality of the front yard enhances.


Grasses in the landscape design can be a brilliant addition to landscaping, providing structure, beauty and privacy. Grasses can help define the boundaries of the front yard and provide a sense of structure to the overall landscape design. They can be used to create borders, edges or pathways, adding visual interest and organisation to the space. Below are the grasses used in this front yard landscape in Kew.

Austrostipa scabra

Rough spear grass (Austrostipa scabra) is found in all states of Australia but predominantly in the southern half of the continent. Austrostipa scabra has a unique appearance with its slender, spiky leaves and attractive seed heads. While it may not have the lush appearance of traditional lawn grasses, it can add a distinct and natural touch to your garden. They are known for their resilience and drought tolerance, making them suitable for front yard gardens in regions with limited water availability.

Rough Spear Grass or Austrostipa scabra
Rough Spear Grass or Austrostipa scabra Tufted perennial grass with erect flowering stems. - Yarra Ranges Council

Pennisetum nafray

Pennisetum nafray, also known as purple fountain grass, is an excellent choice for a front yard garden. This ornamental grass is known for its striking purple foliage and graceful arching growth habit. The purple foliage of the Pennisetum fray adds a bold and vibrant splash of colour to your front yard garden. The grass’s arching habit creates a graceful and flowing appearance, visually contrasting other plants in your landscape.

Pennisetum alopecuroides
Pennisetum alopecuroides hameln cultivated foxtail fountain grass growing in the park, beautiful ornamental autumnal bunch of fountaingrass

Liriope royal purple

Liriope royal purple, also known as lilyturf or monkey grass, is popular for front yard landscapes due to its attractive foliage and low-maintenance characteristics. Liriope royal purple is known for its deep green, strappy leaves with a purple tinge, adding a pop of colour to the front yard. It forms clumps of grass-like foliage, creating a visually pleasing ground cover that can complement other plants and landscaping elements.

big blue lilyturf or Liriope muscari
big blue lilyturf or Liriope muscari an evergreen herbaceous perennials forming compact clumps


Planting one of the best shrubs for the front of the house in the front yard will imbue the entrance to your home with character and personality, creating structure, a refuge for wildlife and a frame for the front porch. Introducing greenery and foliage to the front yard will increase the kerb appeal, while adding flowering bushes will bring beauty and fragrance in equal measures. Here are the bushes used in this front yard landscape at Kew.

Myoporum parvifolium

Myoporum parvifolium, commonly known as creeping boobialla or myoporum, is a versatile and popular choice for front yard gardens. It is a low, spreading shrub with long, trailing stems and white, star-shaped flowers and is endemic to southern Australia. Its small, elliptical leaves have a glossy appearance, adding visual interest to the landscape even when the plant is not blooming. This plant can be used in various ways, such as ground cover on large areas, edging along pathways and in containers.

Myoporum parvifolium or creeping boobialla is a ground cover that makes life difficult for weeds.
Myoporum parvifolium or creeping boobialla is a ground cover that makes life difficult for weeds.


plants for commercial landscaping.
Myoporum parvifolium is a great plant for saving water and suppressing weeds in commercial landscaping.

Buddleja davidii

Buddleja davidii, also called summer lilac, butterfly bush, or orange eye, is a species of flowering plant in the family of Scrophulariaceae. It is known for its beautiful, long spikes of colourful flowers that attract butterflies, bees and other pollinators. It comes in various colours, adding a vibrant touch to your front yard landscape. In addition to visual appeal, Buddleja davidii emits a sweet and pleasant fragrance, adding an aromatic dimension to your front yard.

Buddleja davidii or Butterfly Bush
Buddleja davidii or Butterfly Bush is known for its beautiful, long spikes of colourful flowers that attract butterflies, bees and other pollinators.

Salvia leucantha

Salvia leucantha, the Mexican bush sage, is herbaceous perennial plant in the Lamiaceae family. Salvia leucantha is prized for its striking appearance. It features long, arching spikes of velvety purple or lavender flowers with white calyxes, adding a splash of vibrant colour to the front yard landscape and enhancing its overall beauty. Its extended bloom time ensures a continuous display of flowers, providing visual interest and colour to the front yard during a season when many other plants have finished blooming. It can be used as a focal point or as part of a mixed planting scheme to add texture and variety to the front yard design.

Salvia Leucantha - White Mischief - Mexican bush sage - Reds Landscaping and Design
Mexican bush sage, also known as the Salvia Leucantha 'White Mischief', fall bloom colour showing. Wollongbar, New South Wales, Australia.


Salvia leucantha purple flowering shrub
Salvia leucantha is a purple flowering shrub growing to around 1 metre tall.


The trees in the front yard garden can change a house into a warm and inviting residence. Trees have beautiful flowers in the spring, bright fruits and berries in the summer, and beautiful leaves in the fall. A tree in the front yard can also give privacy, absorb noise pollution, and attract beneficial species. Planting a tree is a great idea if you want a striking focal point in your front yard. The following are the trees used in this front yard landscape at Kew.

Olea europea

Olea europaea, commonly known as the olive tree, is a highly versatile and aesthetically pleasing tree that can benefit the front yard significantly. Olive trees have a beautiful Mediterranean elegance that can enhance the kerb appeal of any home. Their grey-green leaves and gnarled trunks add a new factor to any front garden, creating wonderful architectural interest. Incorporating a well-maintained olive tree into your front yard garden can enhance the kerb appeal of your property and increase its market value.

Olea europaea
Olea europaea growing in a growing in mediterranean plantation

In this front yard garden in Kew, olive trees are planted along the sides of the concrete path, creating a beautiful entrance to the property and adding a sense of harmony and sophistication to the overall landscape.

Acer palmatum

Acer palmatum, commonly known as Japanese maple, is a woody plant species native to Japan, China and Korea. It is a popular and highly valued tree species for custom design landscapes. Acer palmatum is renowned for its stunning foliage, which comes in various colours, especially during fall. The delicate, palmate leaves and graceful branches create an eye-catching focal point, adding visual interest and enhancing the overall aesthetics of the front yard landscape. Japanese maple offers changing visual appeal throughout the year. They produce delicate, often red-tinged new foliage in spring, transitioning to rich green during the summer. In fall, the leaves undergo a captivating transformation, displaying various vibrant colours that bring autumn beauty to the landscape.


Stone Lantern, Pond and Acer. Kyoto garden
Stone Lantern, Pond and Red foliage of the weeping Laceleaf Japanese Maple tree (Acer palmatum) in garden. Kyoto garden London

Japanese maple offers changing visual appeal throughout the year. They produce delicate, often red-tinged new foliage in spring, transitioning to rich green during the summer. In fall, the leaves undergo a captivating transformation, displaying various vibrant colours that bring autumn beauty to the landscape.


Red foliage of the weeping Laceleaf Japanese Maple tree (Acer palmatum) in garden
Red foliage of the weeping Laceleaf Japanese Maple tree (Acer palmatum).




This front yard landscape design in Kew, Australia, presents a unique and exciting opportunity to blend the rich natural beauty of the region with creative and thoughtful landscape choices. The lush greenery, diverse plant life and favourable climate of Kew provide a perfect canvas for property owners to create enchanting outdoor spaces that enhance the beauty and value of their property. By incorporating native Australian plants and carefully selected exotic species, they have created visually appealing landscapes that attract wildlife and promote biodiversity. Also, thoughtful use of hardscaping elements, such as paths, concrete steps, concrete walkways and driveway, can enhance the aesthetics and functionality of the front yard. From the stunning blooms of native plants to the graceful foliage of Japanese maple, this custom landscape design in Kew offers breathtaking beauty. By adopting sustainable practices and eco-friendly principles, the property owners have created stunning outdoor retreats and contributed to the preservation of Kew’s natural beauty.

Kew front yard free landscape design plan
Kew front yard landscape design plan

With a harmonious blend of design creativity, environmental consciousness, and appreciation for the region’s unique character, landscapes in Kew are truly captivating showcases of artistry and nature’s splendour. As the community embraces these principles, Kew’s beautiful landscapes will continue flourishing as captivating, sustainable and inviting spaces for years.

3D Landscape Rendering Package

The 3D Landscape Rendering Package from Reds Landscaping & Design partners provides high quality As Built Drawings and 3D landscape rendering services in Melbourne, Australia. We have a team of highly skilled and experienced professionals who are dedicated to providing our clients with the best 3D Designs. We use the latest technology and software to produce accurate and realistic drawings and renderings of the design, and we do everything we can to ensure that our clients are entirely happy with their project before, during, and after it is completed.

Growing Lemon Trees - Redslandscaping

Growing Lemon Trees: Type, Care and Diseases

Having lemon trees in your backyard means enjoying the fresh flavour daily with all your drinks and meals. Pluck a lemon, cut in half, squeeze it over the meal and enjoy how wonderful it is?

Lemons, being a symbol of exotic tropical, are low maintenance easy to plant and grow. With its aromatic leaves and citrus scent that spreads out, the lemon tree never fails to perk up any garden. Do you want to grow your own lemons too? Don’t heed out; stick with us as we embark on a journey to learn about the types of lemon trees, their specific growth requirements, and the necessary care needed to grow a lemon tree.

Lemon Trees Growth

The Lemon trees can be planted just after the end of frost in the early spring. Lemon trees don’t like soggy and cold conditions. While selecting a plantation site, make sure that the site is well-drained and has a full sunspot for the tree. Moreover, if there are indications for chills then always plant your lemon tree against the south-western wall and shelter it.

Lemon Trees Growth - Redslandscaping
Lemon trees can be planted just after the end of frost in the early spring. Lemon trees don’t like soggy and cold conditions.

What shall be the spacing, depth, and support for lemon trees?

While planting lemon trees, remember that lemon trees usually grow tall up to 10-20 feet and 10-15 feet wide, so space them accordingly. For the dig depth, it is recommended to make it twice the length of the root ball. If the root ball of the sapling is like half a foot, then dig a foot in length. Lemon trees don’t require initial support, but once they take up fruit, they do require support. You can place them against the wall or give them a stick of support.

Lemon Tree Types

There are three main types of lemon trees: Meyer, Eureka, and Lisbon.

A) Meyer

One of the amazing flavours of a lemon tree with the versatility of growing both indoors and outdoors is the Meyer Lemon. The Meyer lemons are known for their reduced acid content and sweet and savoury flavours. Meyer lemons have a thin skin, which allows the citrus juice to fully develop, making them a perfect choice for sprinkling over salads and desserts.

Meyer Lemon Tree - Redslandscaping
Meyer lemons are known for their reduced acid content and sweet and savoury flavours.

The Meyer lemons are thorn less and can be cultivated all year. Meyer lemons are ideal to be grown in pots they can reach up to the heights of 10-15 feet tall.

B) Eureka

The Eureka lemons are a top choice to be grown indoors over the patio because of their dwarf size and easy harvesting. Eureka lemons are effortless home-grown fruits with the benefits of drought tolerance. With their sweet flavour, Eureka lemons are lemonade's favourite. Eureka lemons can’t survive cold conditions and are best suited for warmer areas. They spread sideways, and are adaptable to a variety of soil conditions while being safe from pests and diseases.

Eureka lemon tree - Redslandscaping
Eureka lemons are effortless home-grown fruits with the benefits of drought tolerance.

C) Lisbon

Lisbon produces its main lemon fruit in the winter and is cold tolerant. Lisbon trees have thorns, and their fruit has more seeds than that of Eureka lemons. The fruit, in terms of Lisbon, grows inside the tree, where it remains protected from the chills. Lisbon lemons have denser foliage and are more upright plants than Eureka.

Lisbon lemon tree - Redslandscaping
Lisbon produces its main lemon fruit in the winter and is cold tolerant.

Lemon Trees Care

Lemon trees grow well in sunny to full sun conditions. For a healthy fruit ripening lemon tree requires at least six to eight hours of sunlight each day. So, plant your lemon tree in an area where it gets a sufficient amount of sunlight.

If you plan to plant your tree in a pot indoors, then it's useful to place the pot over a trolley. With a trolley, the pot can be easily moved around to places where the sun shines well to ensure the best growing conditions.


Mainly citrus fruits like oranges and lemons require soil of medium to slight acidic texture and moderate depth for effective fruit ripening. Lemons require soil that are well drained.


Lemon trees, during initial planting and establishment, require frequent watering, like twice a week. But once grown to length, they prefer moderate rainfall. As they mature up, they develop drought tolerance and can thrive in nearly no water conditions too. During warm summers, keep the soil around lemons moist, especially for young trees. While watering lemon trees, be careful not to over water or waterlog the plant. Excess watering results in the yellowing of leaves, which shed over time.

Lemon Trees Water - Redslandscaping
Lemon trees, during initial planting and establishment, require frequent watering, like twice a week.

Temperature and Humidity

Lemon trees prefer warmer temperatures and humid conditions. Ideal lemons growth occurs when humidity is close to 50% and the temperature is between 75-85 Fahrenheit. Young lemon trees are sensitive towards cold conditions so if the temperature drops, you must pay extra attention for their shelter.

Pruning of Lemon Trees

Different lemon tree types have different growth styles and therefore have different pruning requirements. Prioritise pruning your lemon trees with long lateral branches for improved fruit growth and aesthetics. Pruning improves airflow between the branches and allows light to penetrate the centre. You can pinch out the foliage to control the shape and encourage bloom. Frequent pruning of the young trees can encourage a good branch structure. The upright growth habit of the Lisbon lemon trees can be maintained by regular pruning and, hence, can increase fruit production too.


Fertilisers encourage healthy growth and boost fruit production. Lemon trees are energy-hungry trees; additives like Nitrogen, phosphorus, and Potassium in the soil can improve healthy fruit growth and make the fruit riper. We recommended benefitting your lemons with nitrogen rich fertilizers every four to six weeks.


The best part about growing and caring for lemon trees is the harvesting time. Harvesting the lemons is way easier than it seems. You can pluck the lemons when their skin is yellow or yellow green. Most of the lemons are ready to harvest at the end of each season.

Common Pests and Diseases of Lemon Trees

Lemons from lemon trees are one of nature's wonderful gifts. Meanwhile, the fruit lemon trees also attract hosts of pests and plant diseases. Citrus leaf miners, mites, scale insects, and aphids are among the pests that frequent lemon trees.

Diseases usually discolour the leaves of lemon trees. Among the diseases these five commons shall be observed:

Diseases of Lemon Trees - Redslandscaping
Citrus leaf miners, mites, scale insects, and aphids are among the pests that frequent lemon trees.

1) Citrus Greening

Citrus greening is a bacterial disease that is characterised by yellow-blotchy leaves and disfigured fruit.

2) Citrus Canker

Pinpoint spots over the leaves that enlarge and develop as yellow halos are referred to as citrus canker. It’s a common plant disease in lemons that can only be cured by full sun baths and fungicide treatments.

3) Greasy spot disease

Yellow spots over the leaves that turn into blisters are the symptoms of greasy spot disease. Greasy spot is a fungus disease that occurs during humid, wet weather and vanishes under full sun.

4) Melanose

Melanose is another fungal disease that occurs during the rainy season. Raised, sunken lesions that are rough in texture and crack out over time are the symptoms of Melanose.

5) Citrus Scabs

Corky growth over the stem, leaves, and fruit is referred to as citrus scabs. Citrus scabs can only be controlled with copper-based fungicides.


The lemon tree offers the opportunity to enjoy fresh, flavourful lemons daily. With low maintenance and specific care requirements, lemon trees can add a citrus scent to your garden. By selecting the right lemon tree variety and providing adequate sunlight, well-drained soil, and proper watering, one can ensure healthy growth and bountiful harvests. Although pests and diseases can pose challenges, but taking proactive measures can help protect your lemon trees.

Embrace the joy of cultivating your own lemons and enhance your drinks and meals with their wonderful flavour.

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CPG12/CG093: 2022–2023 Florida Citrus Production Guide: Irrigation Management of Citrus Trees. Accessed 6 July 2023.

“Citrus: Lemons, Oranges, and Limes.”, Accessed 6 July 2023.

Lutz, Amanda. “How to Grow and Care for a Meyer Lemon Tree.” Architectural Digest, 9 June 2023,

Lemon | Diseases and Pests, Description, Uses, Propagation. Accessed 6 July 2023.

Tasmanian Blue Gum - Redslandscaping

Tasmanian Blue Gum (Eucalyptus Globulus)

Tasmanian Blue gum, scientifically named Eucalyptus Globulus, is an evergreen plant with broad leaves. Eucalyptus Globulus has its native roots in South Eastern Australia but is mainly cultivated for pulp paper production in Europe. Tasmanian Blue Gum is widely cultivated across the globe for its fast land adaptation and fast-growing aptitude. Tasmanian Blue Gum is renowned for its beautiful appearance, aromatic foliage, and valuable timber. Eucalyptus species have mostly smooth bark and juvenile leaves. These trees contribute to the character and heritage of South Eastern Australia.

History of Tasmanian Blue Gum Eucalyptus Globulus

Eucalyptus Globulus was one of the first parental species of Eucalyptus bought for cultivation. In 1799, they were formally described by a French Botanist, Labillardiere. Therefore, the plant is named after him, Eucalyptus Globulus Labill. In the mid-19th century, Tasmanian Blue Gum was planted for industrial purposes to extract timber and lapidify paper production. The plant covers over 1.3 million hectares of land throughout Europe.

Nomenclature and Taxonomy Tree


Plant Common name: Tasmanian Blue Gum
Plant Scientific / Botanical Name: Eucalyptus globulus
Plant EPPO Code: EUCGL (Eucalyptus Globulus)
Plant Trade Name: Southern Blue Gum
Plant Class: Dicotyledonae
Plant Order: Myrtales


Taxonomy Tree  
Plant Domain Name: Eukaryota
Plant Kingdom Name: Plantae
Plant Phylum Name: Spermatophyta
Plant Subphylum Name: Angiospermae
Plant Family: Myrtaceae
Plant Genus: Eucalyptus
Plant Species: Eucalyptus globulus


Eucalyptus globulus Companion Plant - Redslandscaping
Eucalyptus globulus Companion Plant from South Eastern Australia.

Tasmanian Blue Gum Plant Type


Tasmanian blue gums live for more than two years. Therefore, they are referred to as perennial-type plants. Perennial-type plants undergo growth cycles from reproduction to dormancy and finally persist.


Tasmanian Blue Gums have wide, broad leaves. Their flat and widespread leaves help them accumulate more sunlight than other species. Being a hardwood tree, broad leaves add a distinct appearance to their overall look.

Tasmanian Blue Gums have wide, broad leaves - Redslandscaping
Tasmanian Blue Gums have wide, broad leaves. From infant to full age.


Seed Propagated: 

Among different kinds of reproduction, Tasmanian Blue Gums reproduce via seed propagation. Their seeds are inside the capsules named "gum nuts," from which they are carried to another plant via wind, water, and insects.

Eucalyptus globulus Seed Propagated - Redslandscaping
Eucalyptus globulus Seed Propagated Plant.


Woody Tree: 

Tasmanian Blue Gums possess a dense, rigid structure composed of wood. The tree's woody structure makes its trunk solid and rigid, eventually making it grow taller.

Eucalyptus globulus is a woody tree - Redslandscaping
Eucalyptus globulus is a woody tree.

Distinguish Features Tasmanian Blue Gum (Eucalyptus Globulus)

With solitary flowers, stalked pedicels (4 mm), and large warty fruits, Tasmanian Blue gums are one-of-a-kind trees. The lower bark is rough and greyish, while the upper bark appears pale and smooth. It grows as a multi-stemmed shrub. Their leaves have a characteristic fragrance.

Tasmanian Blue Gum Physical Characteristics

Tasmanian blue gum is the complement of Tasmanian oak. Eucalyptus Globulus is an evergreen tree that grows up to a height of 70 metres and a diameter of 2 metres. The plant, weighing up to 900 kg/m3, has at least 12% moisture content. They can grow up to 70m tall with a straight trunk and leaves up to 15 cm long. Tasmanian Blue Gum has been recorded as one of the tallest plant species in Europe.

Tasmanian Blue Gum Height - Redslandscaping
Tasmanian Blue Gum Height can reach to 70 metres with a diameter of 2 metres.

The species hermaphrodite exists in both male and female pairs and is pollinated by bees. It can be grown in well-drained sandy, loamy, and clay soils. The plant prefers mildly alkaline pH conditions and can’t grow under shade.

Tasmanian Blue Gum Habitats

Tasmanian blue gums are mainly found in hilly countries and are favoured by damp marshy areas. They grow well in moist valleys in deep, rich soils. It grows in wet and dry sclerophyll woodland forests. Tasmanian Blue Gums are well adapted to Mediterranean climate regions. Mainly limiting water supply and low nutrient presence in the soil resist the growth of Tasmanian Blue gums. The ability of the species to regenerate from dormant buds has made it a fast-growing species. The fast growth rates mainly result from the intermediate shoot growth and the expanded leaf area.

Uses of Tasmanian Blue Gum Eucalyptus Globulus

Tasmanian Blue Gums' fast growth and adaptability to environmental conditions have turned them into a widely planted specie for industrial applications. Their cultivation is managed as short-term coppice crops to increase the industrial yield. Tasmanian blue gums have been widely used for both non-wood and wood applications in all edible and medicinal domains.

Improve Seed Germination for a Sustainable Horticulture - Redslandscaping
Improve Seed Germination for a Sustainable Horticulture.


An essential oil, i.e., one extracted from its leaves, is used for flavouring baked items like cakes and sweets.


Timber from Eucalyptus is widely used for wood works and carpentry. Its exceptional hardness and density make it perfect for flooring and fitting applications.

Tasmanian Blue Gum wood works and carpentry - Redslandscaping
Tasmanian Blue Gum is ustilised in wood works and carpentry.

Paper Industry: 

Eucalyptus pulp serves as the most viable raw material for paper production.

Insect Repellent:

Leaf extracts of Eucalyptus Globulus are widely used as insect repellents. Mosquito abundance can be decreased by the plantation of Eucalyptus globulus in wet areas.

Medicinal Use:

Traditional Aboriginal herbal remedies include eucalyptus leaves. Certain oil extracts from the leaves serve as antiseptics used for relieving infections from coughs and colds. Oils, if stored for a longer period of time, build up their self-disinfectant action. Some oil extracts from Eucalyptus are also used in herbal teas that prevent colds. Resin from the tree contains certain astringent tannins, which are used to treat diarrhoea and bladder inflammation.

Eucalyptus Globulus Uses - Redslandscaping
Eucalyptus Globulus Uses.

Soil Control:

Tasmanian Blue Gum is widely planted near the banks for windbreaks and shelter belts. Over the decades, their hold over the soil has also controlled soil erosion and salinity.


Tasmanian Blue Gums' fast growth, adaptability to various environments, and diverse applications make them an essential species in ecological domains. Its tall height, thorny trunk, widespread leaves, and punky fruits have always caught the viewer's eye. Its two-layered trunk colours add an extra layer to its significant appearance. With its various medicinal benefits and industrial applications, this evergreen plant continues to leave a lasting impact across the globe.


Insect pests of Tasmanian blue gum, Eucalyptus globulus globulus, in south-western Australia: History, current perspectives and future prospects | | A. D. Loch, R. B. Floyd | First published: 20 December 2001

Babatunde, Samuel A., and A. K. Musa. “Effect of Tasmanian Blue Gum (Eucalyptus Globulus Labill.) Leaf Extract on Cowpea Weevil (Callosobruchus Maculatus [Fabricius, 1775], Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae).” Acta Agriculturae Slovenica, 23 Dec. 2020,

National Trust - Tasmanian Blue Gum (Eucalyptus Globulus). Accessed 28 June 2023.

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© Copyright 2023 Red’s Landscape Gardening – Melbourne Landscaper

Basics of Irrigation Plan Drawing - Reds Landscaping and Design

Understanding the Basics of Irrigation Plan Drawing and How to Create Your Plan

An irrigation plan drawing is a detailed map or diagram that shows the layout and design of an irrigation system. The irrigation plan drawing is a significant tool for designing and installing an effective irrigation system. It helps to ensure that the irrigation plan design meets the specific needs of the area being irrigated, including the type of crops or plants being grown, the soil type, the climate, and other factors.

How Can Landscape Design Software Help in Irrigation Plan Drawing?

Landscape design software is a handy instrument for creating irrigation plan drawings. The software can help make accurate and detailed plans immediately. It can also help to visualise the irrigation system in 3D, providing a better picture of how the system will look and work. Landscape design software can also help automate calculations and measurements, saving time and reducing errors.

Outdoor Space with a 3D Landscape Design - Reds Landscaping
Outdoor Space with a 3D Landscape Design - Reds Landscaping


A Step-by-Step Guide to Creating an Irrigation Plan Drawing

Making an irrigation plan drawing is a mandatory step in designing an effective and efficient irrigation system for your landscape. Here are the steps to creating an irrigation plan drawing:

Measure the Area: Measure the area that is to be irrigated, including the length and width of the landscape. Also, consider any natural features that may affect irrigation, such as hills, slopes, and water sources.

Classify Water Sources: Find the sources of water available for irrigation, such as a well, pond, lake, or municipal water supply. Also, consider the pressure and flow rate of the water source.

Determine Water Needs: Determine the water needs of the plants in the landscape. Factors such as plant type, soil type, and weather conditions affect the water needs of plants.

Create the drawing: There are some software programmes to create the irrigation plan drawing. Some of the best landscape design software programmes include SketchUp, AutoCAD, and SmartDraw. The drawing should include the layout of the irrigation components, water sources, and any natural features.

Implement the Plan: Implement the irrigation plan by installing the irrigation components, such as sprinklers and drip lines, as per the irrigation plan drawing.

Monitor and adjust: monitor the irrigation system regularly to ensure that it is working efficiently. Adjust the system as needed based on changes in weather conditions or plant needs.

Essential Tips for Optimal Irrigation Planning and Design

When it comes to cultivating healthy and thriving landscapes, efficient irrigation planning and design play a vital role. Properly managing water resources is essential for maintaining the sustainability of our ecosystems and optimising the growth of plants and crops. Whether you are a homeowner, a landscape professional, or a farmer, understanding the key principles and techniques for irrigation planning is crucial.

Irrigation System Schematic - Reds Landscaping and Design
Schematic of a commercial irrigation system with both sprinklers and drippers - Reds Landscaping

Following are the irrigation planning tips that would help in summarising:

  1. Conduct a site enquiry before designing an irrigation system. Consider soil type, slope, sun exposure, plant types, and water source.
  2. Use the best practises for creating a landscape plan, considering water conservation, plant types, and slope.
  3. Plan for water preservation using effective irrigation systems, such as drip irrigation, and water-saving devices.
  4. Use suitable irrigation design techniques, including proper sprinkler spacing and even water circulation.
  5. Plan for regular maintenance, including checking for leaks and replacing worn parts.
  6. Consider automation for your irrigation system using programmable controllers and sensors.
  7. Consult a professional if you have a complex landscape or are new to irrigation design.
Drawing Landscape Design Plans - Reds Landscaping and Design
Use colour codes when drawing landscape design plans - Reds Landscaping

Understanding the basics of irrigation plan drawing and learning how to create your plan is essential for anyone involved in landscape or agricultural irrigation. By grasping the fundamental concepts, you can design an efficient and effective irrigation system tailored to your specific needs. Remember to consider factors such as water source, plant water requirements, terrain, and irrigation methods when creating your plan. Paying attention to these details will contribute to water conservation, improve plant health, and optimize the overall performance of your irrigation system. Whether you're a homeowner, a farmer, or a landscaping professional, mastering the basics of irrigation plan drawing will empower you to make informed decisions and achieve successful irrigation outcomes. So, roll up your sleeves, get familiar with the principles, and let your creativity flow as you design and implement your irrigation plan.

Final Thoughts

Making your own irrigation plan is a smart investment for any homeowner or landscaper looking to maintain a healthy and beautiful landscape. With the right tools and knowledge, you can design an optimal irrigation system that meets the unique needs of your landscape. By creating your own plan, you can ensure that your irrigation system is efficient, water-saving, and properly maintained. Don't hesitate to take control of your landscape's health and beauty. Create your own plan today and enjoy a lush and thriving landscape for years to come.

Our 2D Landscape Design Package closely resembles a house plan, providing a top-down perspective of the property. Within this package, you'll find comprehensive plant schedules, quantities, spacings, and precise placement locations, all aligned with irrigation and hydraulic drawings. The seamless collaboration between these two documents is crucial for the prosperity of your landscape. It guarantees that every plant receives consistent daily watering during its establishment period, promoting optimal growth and development.

Blogs to Follow @RedsLandscaping

5 Best Commercial Irrigation Systems

Landscape Design Cost

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Commercial Maintenance

Landscaping Costs And Landscape Designs

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How To Keep Your Lawn Healthy In Colder Weather

Garden Maintenance Melbourne

Soft and Hard Landscaping, Residential Home and Civil projects across Australia by Reds Landscaping and Design

© Copyright 2023 Red’s Landscape Gardening – Melbourne Landscaper

Irrigation Plan Design - Reds Landscaping and Design

Everything You Need to Know about Irrigation Plan Design for a Successful Garden

A well-designed irrigation plan is essential for maintaining a healthy garden irrigation system. An irrigation plan involves the irrigation design and installation that deliver water to your plants at the right time and in the right amounts. This ensures that your plants receive consistent water without the need for manual watering, promoting healthy plant growth and reducing water waste. In this blog post, we will explore the benefits of irrigation plan design for home gardens, including improved water conservation and more efficient irrigation, as well as provide tips and insights for creating the perfect irrigation plan for your garden.

What are the benefits of a well-designed irrigation plan?

The benefits of having a well-designed irrigation system for a home garden are numerous. First and foremost, it can help in water conservation by reducing wastage and ensuring that the right amount of water is applied to each plant. This not only helps reduce water bills but also promotes sustainability by reducing the amount of water that is consumed.


Subsurface Drip Irrigation - Reds Landscaping and Design
Soaker hoses installed in trenches for water irrigation to a garden flower bed.

Additionally, an irrigation plan can help promote healthier plant growth by providing the necessary amount of water at the right time. This can also reduce the risk of plant diseases caused by overwatering or underwatering. Furthermore, an efficient irrigation plan can help save time and effort, as it eliminates the need for manual watering and ensures that plants receive water even when you are not present to do it yourself.

Creating the Perfect Irrigation Plan for Your Home Garden

To create a successful irrigation plan for your home garden, there are several important steps to follow. These include:

Landscape irrigation design: Before choosing an irrigation system, you need to assess the layout of your garden and identify areas that require water. Our 2D Landscape Design Package contains detailed plant schedules, quantities, spacings, and placement locations in accordance with a set of irrigation and hydraulic drawings. This will help you determine the best type of irrigation system to use and where to place water distribution points.


Garden Landscape Plan - Reds Landscaping and Design
Landscape architect design traditional chinese garden plan.

Drip irrigation system design: Drip irrigation is a popular option for home gardens, as it provides water directly to plant roots, reducing water waste and promoting plant health. When designing a drip irrigation system, you need to consider the type and size of tubing to use, the spacing of the emitters, and the placement of the water source.


Irrigation Drip System - Reds Landscaping and Design
Drought tolerant landscaping - Irrigation drip system delivers water to the right place.


Sprinkler system layout: Sprinkler systems are also a popular option for home gardens, as they provide even water distribution across a large area. When designing a sprinkler system, you need to consider the type of sprinkler head to use, the spacing of the heads, and the placement of the water source.


Irrigation System Schematic - Reds Landscaping and Design
Schematic of a commercial irrigation system with both sprinklers and drippers.


Computerised Watering Systems: If you want to take your irrigation system to the next level, you can opt for a computerised watering system that can be programmed to water your garden automatically at specified times. These systems are especially useful if you have a large garden or are frequently away from home.


Irrigation System Repair Still - Reds Landscaping and Design
Computerised Watering Systems.

How to Choose the Right Type of Irrigation System for Your Property

Before choosing the ideal type of irrigation system for your property, first you have to measure the size, layout, and type of plants you have in your property. Some of the best home irrigation systems include:

Underground sprinklers for small yards: If you have a small yard, an underground sprinkler system can be a good option, as it provides even water distribution and eliminates the need for manual watering.



Commercial Irrigation Sprinklers - Reds Landscaping and Design
Automatic lawn sprinkler watering green grass. Sprinkler with automatic system. Garden irrigation system watering lawn. Water saving or water conservation from sprinkler system with adjustable head.


Above-ground sprinkler systems: These sprinkler systems are easy to install and can be adjusted to provide water to specific areas of your garden. They are also relatively affordable.

Drip irrigation systems: Drip irrigation systems are ideal for gardens with plants that require consistent watering. They can also be adjusted to provide water to specific areas of your garden and are highly efficient in terms of water conservation.

The Role of Technology in Making Irrigation Design More Efficient and Sustainable

The way we irrigate our gardens has evolved thanks to technology, making it simpler and easier to conserve water and guarantee the watering of plants at the exact time. The following are some of the most significant technological developments in irrigation design:

Automated sprinklers: By programming automated sprinkler systems to water your garden at predetermined intervals, you may avoid manually watering your plants while still giving them a steady supply of water. Additionally, they can be altered to take into account variations in the climate. Soil moisture and other elements that influence plant development.


Sprinkler Irrigation System - Reds Landscaping and Design
Smart garden automatic sprinkler irrigation system working early in the morning in green park - watering lawn and colourful tulips narcissus.

Smart water management systems: These systems employ sensors and other cutting-edge technology to continuously monitor environmental elements such as weather patterns, soil moisture levels, and other environmental considerations. The irrigation system is then adjusted based on the data, ensuring that plants receive the ideal amount of water without wasting any.

IoT-enabled gardening: With the advent of smart sensors and tools that allow for remote monitoring and management of irrigation systems, the Internet of Things (IoT) has also had a significant impact on irrigation plan design. With the help of this technology, you can control the irrigation system and monitor the water usage in your garden from any location using a smartphone or other internet-capable device.

How to Calculate Water Demand and Usage in Your Irrigation Design

Calculate your garden's water demand and usage to make sure your irrigation system is using water effectively and efficiently. A water budgeting calculator is a helpful tool for estimating water demand and usage. It estimates the amount of water your garden needs by taking into consideration variables like soil type, plant type, climate, and irrigation system type. You can confirm that your irrigation system is using water effectively and efficiently, preventing water waste, and fostering sustainability by using this tool.


A well-thought-out irrigation plan design is crucial for fostering healthy plant development, water conservation, and time- and labour saving garden upkeep. It's crucial to take into account the shape of your garden, the kinds of plants you have, and your water source when developing an irrigation plan, as well as the most recent developments in irrigation design technology. You can make sure that your irrigation system is optimized for optimal effectiveness and sustainability by considering these elements and using resources like water budgeting calculators.

Blogs to Follow @RedsLandscaping

5 Best Commercial Irrigation Systems

Landscape Design Cost

5 tips for Drought Tolerant Landscaping in Melbourne

Commercial Maintenance

Landscaping Costs And Landscape Designs

5 Steps to Creating the Perfect New Lawn

How To Keep Your Lawn Healthy In Colder Weather

Garden Maintenance Melbourne

Soft and Hard Landscaping, Residential Home and Civil projects across Australia by Reds Landscaping and Design

© Copyright 2023 Red’s Landscape Gardening – Melbourne Landscaper

Coastal Manuka tree New Zealand

Landscaping with the Manuka Plant

Leptospermum scoperium, also known as Manuka or tea tree, is a species of flowering plant in the myrtle family, Myrtaceae. It is native to Southeast Australia and New is evergreen and small to medium-sized shrub, reaching up to 8 metres in height but commonly grows to around 3 metres in cultivation. In Australia, it is frequently found in Victoria, Tasmania and New South Wales and often found in dense woodland.

Manuka trees in dense woodland in New Zealand.

Growing Conditions: Leptospermum scoperium grows in a temperate climate with mild, wet winters and warm, dry summers. It can tolerate various temperatures but prefers a cool to warm climate. It is easily grown in slightly acidic, fertile, well-drained soils. They prefer a full sun position but will also tolerate partial shade if necessary. Young plants appreciate consistently moist soil, but established plants prefer moderate but even moisture.

Manuka tree bent by the wind on New Zealand's west coast. Manukas prefer well-drained soils and coastal gardens.

Description: Manuka can grow up to 5 metres, typically 2 to 2.5 metres tall. The leaves are variable in shape and size. They may be elliptical, broadly lanceolate or obovate and from 7 to 20 mm long. The leaves appear in shades of copper and turn green as the season progresses.

Bees collecting pollen on a Manuka flower.
Bees collecting pollen on a Manuka flower. The flowers are usually small and white.

The flowers are typically small and white. Sometimes with a pinkish tinge and have a distinctive cup-like shape. The flowers are usually 1-2 cm in diameter and occur in spring and early summer. In some cultivars, the flower can also have a fragrant aroma. The branches are many that grow densely and spread horizontally.

Caring for your Manuka

Watering: Leptospermum scoperium should be watered weekly and thoroughly whilst they are still young. As the plant matures, the watering schedule can be reduced. During the hotter and drier months, it may be necessary to water more frequently. It is best to allow the soil to dry out slightly between watering. In wet weather, additional watering is optional as these shrubs need well-draining soil that does not retain high volumes of moisture.

Fertilisers: Manuka plant does not require heavy fertilisation but can benefit from a light application of balanced fertilizers (i.e., NPK @ 10:10:10) in the spring. Avoid fertilisation in the fall or winter, as this can promote new growth vulnerable to frost damage.

Pruning: Manuka plant can use less pruning. However, it is recommended to maintain its shape, promote flowering, and prevent it from becoming too woody. Pruning should be done after flowering, around late spring or early summer, and can involve removing dead or diseased and damaged branches. Cutting back lateral growth to promote business and selectively removing older stems. But be careful. Only cut back one-third of the plant at a time.

Problem pests and diseases of the Manuka plant

This plant typically does not have problems with pests and diseases, but webbing caterpillars, borers, aphids, whiteflies, and scales occasionally take over the plant. A horticultural oil such as neem oil is a good treatment for pest problems. In the case of aphids, spray the plant with warm water and soap. Sometimes the plant may develop red patches on its leaves, a sign of fungal growth. Use a fungicide to stop it from spreading. This plant can be prone to root rot if planted in overly moist soil that does not drain well. The best defence against any problems is to provide the right growing conditions.



Teatree Web Moth (Webbing Caterpillar)
Teatree Web Moth (Webbing Caterpillar) Photo Ben Walcott Australian Native Plants Society (Australia)


ladybird eating aphids
A ladybird eating aphids. Ladybirds can help to keep your garden free of aphids.

The Manuka plant in  Landscape Design

Manuka is primarily used in modern gardens for its very colourful show. There are plenty of man-made cultivars with vibrant colours that adorn many borders. Manuka is a great contrast plant and a great addition to your garden. Here are a few ways to use Manuka in your landscape design.

  • Manuka plants can create a beautiful and functional hedge in your garden. Plant them in a row, and trim them to the desired height and shape. The dense foliage will provide you with a natural barrier and privacy screen.
  • Use Manuka plants to create a border around garden beds and walkways. This will add texture and interest to the landscape.
  • Manuka plants can be used as a feature plant in your garden. Plant one or more manuka shrubs in a prominent location, then surround them with other plants and flowers to create a beautiful display.
  • Manuka plants can be planted in a rock garden, where their twisted branches and small leaves contrast the rocks.

The many benefits of the Manuka plant

The Manuka is helpful for many other things besides being a part of nature's beautiful design.

Manuka honey is often used to heal various numbers of illnesses, alongside a unique texture and taste. Chemical tests of manuka honey have shown that it contains powerful insecticides and antibacterial agents that can help fight intestinal worms and bacterial infections. Manuka honey has a high concentration of methylglyoxal, and the healing effect is more active.

Manuka honey has a high concentration of methylglyoxal, and the healing effect is more active.
Manuka honey has a high concentration of methylglyoxal, and the healing effect is more active.

Manuka oil produced a healing fragrance. As a result, it is frequently used in massage. According to studies, the oil is beneficial for reducing stress and other psychological strains that impact a person's physiological functions. Manuka oil is a highly effective natural antifungal and antibacterial substance.

Manuka Oil .The oil is beneficial for reducing stress.
Manuka Oil .The oil is beneficial for reducing stress.

Manuka wood is also valuable and is frequently recycled as the handle on tools such as hammers and axes. Its sawdust can be used to flavour grilled fish and meat.

Our Landscape Design Packages.

3D Renders – What To Expect

3D render allows you full access to see your future landscape as it would be built.
Renders allow you to visualize the designed spaces not only from top and side views but from every view: out of key viewpoints such as balconies, views from the spa, underneath the pergola: 3D modelling lets you spatially see how it all fits together.

Our render package includes 5–10 images like the one here, as well as a flythrough video, which takes you on a journey through your landscape. These are great for understanding how the area would be experienced, as you are seeing it as you would if you were really there.

2D Landscape Package

  • This option includes a 2D fully scaled landscape plan drawn at 1:100, with annotation depicting design elements on the plan.
  • A mood board document with indicative imagery, such as Pinterest photos of poolside paving, planting styles etc – all included to give an indication of the design intent.
  • A planting schedule and materials schedule will break down exactly what plant species and hardscaping materials are within the design.
  • You will be able to obtain quotes and build from these plans once the 2D Landscape Package process is complete and you’re happy with your design.
  • 4 hours of allocated change/revisions included in price, revisions beyond quoted amount will be charged at an hourly rate.

Landscape Design Melbourne


More Information on Manuka plants     

The Tea Tree web Moth by Ben Walcott


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The Complete Murraya Hedges, Plants, and Trees - Redslandscaping

The Complete Murraya Hedges, Plants, and Trees Growers Guide 2023

Murraya hedges, also known as orange jessamine or Chinese box, are a popular choice for hedges and screens due to their attractive glossy leaves and fragrant white flowers. In this article, we will discuss different types of Murraya hedges and where to grow them, as well as answer some of your questions, such as "how to propagate Murray hedges from cuttings."

What Kinds of Murraya Hedges Are There?

There are several different types of Murraya plants, including Murraya paniculata, which is the most common variety and can grow up to 3 metres tall, and Murraya exotica, which is a smaller variety that grows up to 1.5 metres tall.

To care for Murraya hedge plants, it is important to provide them with well-drained soil, full sun to partial shade, and regular watering. They also benefit from regular fertilisation and pruning to promote healthy growth and shape. The best time to prune them is early summer or late spring.

Murraya Hedge Flowers and Fruits – What You Need To Know And How to Care for Them

Murraya Hedge Flowers and Fruits - Redslandscaping
Murraya Hedge Flowers and Fruits.

The flowers and fruits of Murraya hedging are small and white, and they bloom in clusters. The fruit is a small, round berry that is green when unripe and turns black when ripe. But how do you care for the Murraya hedge plant and its fruits? It is important to provide the plant with the proper growing conditions, such as adequate sunlight and watering, as well as regular fertilisation. Let's look at the care routine in detail below.

Growing Murraya at Home

Growing Murraya at home is a great way to add some greenery to your home. They are known for their glossy green leaves and fragrant white flowers that bloom in the spring and summer.

Growing Murraya at Home - Redslandscaping
The Lowdown on Care and Maintenance.

First, it's important to note that Murraya are tropical plants and prefer warm, humid environments. They do well in temperatures between 60 and 85 degrees Fahrenheit and thrive in bright, indirect light. If you're looking to grow Murray's indoors, a south- or west-facing window would be ideal. If you're planting them outdoors, make sure they are protected from strong winds and direct sunlight.

The Lowdown on Care and Maintenance

  • When planting, make sure to dig a hole that is slightly larger than the root ball of the plant. The depth of the hole should be the same as the depth of the root ball; this is how deep you plant a shrub. Murraya prefers well-draining soil, so make sure to amend the soil with compost or other organic matter before planting.
  • Once your Murraya is planted, it will need regular watering to establish its roots and keep them hydrated. Don't overwater plants because this can cause root rot. Murraya should be watered when the soil is dry to the touch. In the summer, you may need to water them more frequently, while in the winter, you can reduce the frequency.
  • Fertilizing your Murraya is also an important part of caring for them. They prefer a balanced fertiliser with equal parts nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. They should be fertilised every 4-6 weeks during the growing season.
  • Pruning is also an important part of maintaining your Murraya Hedges. They can grow quite large, so pruning will help to control their size and shape. The best time to plant shrubs in Melbourne is in the spring or summer. Prune your Murraya in the spring, after they have finished blooming. Cut back any dead or damaged branches and shape the plant as desired.
Murraya Pruning and Trimming - Redslandscaping
Prune your Murraya in the spring, after they have finished blooming.

Growing Murraya at home is a great way to add some greenery to your home. They are easy to care for and maintain, but they do require regular watering, fertilising, and pruning. With the right care and attention, your Murraya will thrive and bring beauty and fragrance to your home for many years to come.

Murray's Frequently Asked Questions

How frequently do you water Murray's?

It is one of the common questions about growing Murrayas, and the answer is that it's best to water the Murraya regularly. The amount of water needed to keep your Murraya happy and healthy depends on the climate, the season, and other factors, such as soil type However, as a general rule of thumb, Murrays should be watered on average two to three times a week.

How often should Murray be fertilised?

Fertilize them at least once a month. When fertilising Murrays, use a balanced fertiliser and apply it according to the instructions on the packaging Generally, Murrays should be fertilised at least once a month to ensure they stay healthy and are able to achieve their best blooms.

How do we control pests and diseases?

Keep an eye out for pests and diseases and treat them promptly with fertilisers or pesticides. Murrays are quite susceptible to pests and diseases, so it is important to be vigilant in checking them regularly and treating any symptoms that appear quickly to avoid serious damage to the plants.

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© Copyright 2023 Red’s Landscape Gardening – Melbourne Landscaper

Telopea speciosissima (Red waratah)

Waratah in Australian Landscape Design

Waratah, or Telopea, is a group of large shrubs or small trees native to Australia, especially the southeastern parts of New South Wales, Victoria, and Tasmania. There are five species of waratah. The most well-known is the Telopea speciosissima (Red waratah), which is known for its bright red flower and is the state symbol of New South Wales. The word "waratah" derives from the native Eora Aboriginal people, meaning red flowering tree. In the flowery vocabulary, waratahs represent beauty.

Tree in bloom
Alloxylon flammeum (Queensland Tree Waratah) is a rainforest tree that only grows naturally in the Atherton Tablelands.

Where do Waratahs grow best?

Ideal Growing Conditions

Growing Conditions: The ideal climates for growth are temperate and semitropical. This plant prefers moderate shade with morning sun, although it will also thrive in full sun. Make sure it only gets a little exposure to the hot afternoon sun. Soils with good drainage are ideal for the growth. The optimal soil for planting waratahs is slightly acidic, sandy soil.

Waratah blooms in bushland under the spring sunshine in NSW, Australia. The inflorescence is surrounded by a whorl of big, red bracts that protect them.


Lewin's Honeyeater on a waratah flower. A great way to attract wildlife to your garden.

Plant Description

Description: Red waratah is simple to grow and grows rapidly once established. It has partially branching stems that can grow 3-4 metres tall and 2 metres wide. The leaves are big, oblong, leathery, and have roughly toothed edges. The upper side of the leaf is dark green and smooth, and the veins are easy to see. The lower side of the leaf is lighter green. They are dark green and are placed alternately on the branches.

Telopea speciosissima (Red waratah)
Telopea speciosissima (Red waratah). The leaves are big, oblong, leathery, and have roughly toothed edges.

The flower heads of these plants are huge, beautiful, and dome-shaped. The inflorescence comprises 250 pairs of flowers surrounded by a whorl of big, red bracts that protect them.

Waratah flower inflorescence comprises 250 pairs of flowers.

The bloom opens from the base or the exterior of the head. The flower's diameter varies from 5 to 15 cm. The flowering season is from September through November. Flowers produce a great amount of nectar, which attracts birds and insects, the plant's primary pollinators.

Yellow Waratah (Telopea speciosissima x oreades)
Yellow Waratah (Telopea speciosissima x oreades)

Waratah fruit is a reddish brown leathery pod with a big, beige-coloured winged seed. When the fruit is ripe, it splits lengthwise, releasing two rows of 10-20 winged seeds. Waratah can survive bushfires because it has a lot of dormant buds in its underground stem that starts to grow soon after the fire.

Waratah seed pods. When the fruit is ripe, it splits lengthwise, releasing two rows of 10-20 winged seeds

Caring for your waratah plant

Watering: Newly planted trees need constant watering for the first summer, especially during the establishment phase. During the early growing season, water thoroughly once every two weeks. In extreme drought, older trees could need watering. Overwatering your plant can cause fungal problems, especially around the roots. Waratah does not require water in late autumn and winter.

Fertilisers: Waratah is sensitive to phosphorus in general-purpose fertilisers. Phosphorus-containing fertilisers might be hazardous to your plant. Feed in the spring with bone and blood or slow-release fertiliser low in phosphorus and specially prepared for native plants to encourage vigorous growth and many flowers.

Pruning: Mature plants require regular pruning to keep their thick structure and encourage more flower production. Once flowering has finished, prune the branches down to one-fourth their length. As you notice any weak stems, cut them off.

Disease and Pests

Waratah is particularly susceptible to root rot; however other fungal diseases can affect these plants in waterlogged soil. These plants really require excellent drainage. Waratah can also be grown in raised beds or pots to prevent root rot.

Scale can occasionally be an issue on these plants, especially on the younger ones, but it is usually easily treated with pest oil, which suffocates the. Bud and stem borer can damage flower buds, but Bacillus thuringiensis is a good way to get rid of them.

Landscape Design ideas for Waratah

Waratah is such a beautiful plant, and its amazing floral displays are fantastic additions to the garden, which adds uniqueness to your environment by attracting animal and insect life. If you want to get the most out of your waratah, put it in a visible area where you can easily access it, such as a driveway, a path, or the front of your house. Additionally, they will contrast beautifully with wooden decks, putting you right in the middle of the flowers.

Queensland Tree Waratah Royal Botanical Gardens Sydney.

More Information on Waratah and Related Plants

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thornapple thorn apple

Thornapple contamination of Spinach

Thornapple (Datura stramonium) is a poisonous flowering plant of the nightshade family Solanaceae. It grows yearly in gardens, along roadsides, and other uncultivated and farmed land. Thornapple is native to Central America and was imported to Australia in the early 19th century as a garden plant.

Thornapple flower
Thornapple flower is trumpet shaped, white to purple in colour and have five lobes that narrow to a thin point.

How tall does a thorn apple grow? How can I identify a thornapple?

Thornapple is a herb that grows into a bush that can be 1–1.5 m tall. The leaves are either oval or widely triangular and sharply pointed. The leaves have a light green underside and a dark green top. When crushed, the leaves have a bad odour. The trumpet-shaped flowers are white to purple and have five lobes that narrow to a thin point. The fruit is an egg-shaped capsule covered in various-length spines. Thornapples develop rapidly, flower from summer through autumn, and typically die in the autumn.

thornapple seed pods
The Thornapple seed pods are them most toxic part of the plant.

Uses for thornapple

Thornapple is a plant with both poisonous and medicinal properties and has been shown to have pharmacological potential. Thornapple has been shown to contain alkaloids, tannins, carbohydrates and proteins. Studies showed that its leaves, applied after roasting, are useful in relieving pain and encouraging the healing process.

Thornapple seeds are the most toxic part of the plant.
Thornapple seeds are the most toxic part of the plant.

The seed of thornapple is medicinally the most active. It is also used to relax the smooth muscle of the bronchial tube and asthmatic bronchial spasm. In ancient cultures, it was used as a hallucinogenic drug. Note, thornapple is poisonous and consuming it is dangerous. It is not recommended to try even small amounts.

Thorn apple, or thornapple, Datura Stramonium
Thorn apple, or thornapple, Datura Stramonium.

The Effects of thornapple poisoning on the human body

Thornapple is a poisonous plant that should not be consumed in any form, especially the seeds. Children are especially susceptible to thornapple poisoning. It has toxins called topane alkaloids that can make you very sick or even kill you. The effects of eating the thornapple plant include hallucinations, vomiting, dilated pupils, high fever, and weak or quick pulse. Some people may have headaches, nausea, and rashes after just touching the plant.

Atropine molecule
Atropine deadly nightshade (Atropa belladonna) alkaloid molecule. Medicinal drug and poison also found in Jimson weed (Datura stramonium) and mandrake (Mandragora officinarum). Hyoscyamine (atropine) and scopolamine are the predominant tropane alkaloids in the Datura genus, occurring in all plant parts.


The Effect of thornapple poisoning on animals

Thornapple is also dangerous to livestock, dogs, and other pets. Although livestock often avoids it, most cases of livestock poisoning are caused by thornapple in their feed. Animal signs include low body temperature, breathing difficulty, a dry mouth, and a sluggish or rapid heartbeat.


Related species of Datura stramonium

The related species of Datura stramonium are Datura ferox, Datura inoxia, Datura leichherdtii, Datura metal and Datura wrightii. All these species differ only because of the shape of capsules, the number and length of spines on capsules and the position of capsules.  

Control of throne apple weed

You can get rid of thornapple by using herbicides, mulching, slashing, pulling it out by hand, or chipping it. To get rid of the plants, pull them out. Make sure to get as much root as possible, or the plants might grow back. Cutting the plant before seeding is the best way to control it since seeds have been viable for years. However, plants that have produced seeds should not be discarded as part of the green wate collection and either buried at a depth of more than 60 cm or burned to prevent the spreading. Wear gloves or wash your hands well after touching this plant.

To suffocate this weed, use an opaque sheet such as woven polypropylene or organic mulch at least 5 cm thick.

Green baby spinach crop
Green baby spinach crop

Australian spinach crops and thornapple

Recent reports indicate that at least 190 people in four Australian states have experienced hallucinations, blurred vision, and confusion.  After the investigation, Riviera Farms and Victoria Health determined that thornapple, a weed, had accidentally been gathered and packed with the Australian spinach. As a result, it has been shown that thornapple was the source of the illness.

View of field planted with ripening green spinach cultivar. Thornapple could easily be unnoticed in this crop.
View of field planted with ripening green spinach cultivar. Thornapple could easily be unnoticed in this crop.

How did thornapple get into spinach?

These weeds thrive in warm, temperate, and subtropical climates with good soil, therefore they are frequently found along rivers, roadside edges and in agricultural areas where they compete with summer crops. Tim Entwistle, the director of the Royal Botanic Gardens Victoria, said that the high amount of rain this year probably helped the weed spread.

More information on  weed control

9 Toxic Plants to avoid for pet friendly gardens


Melbourne Garden Weed Prevention


Agriculture Victoria


NSW Weedwise


Government of Western Australia Agriculture and Food




Habitus South Melbourne Landscaping

SouthSouth Melbourne Landscaping for Habitus Apartments are located in the heart of South MelbourneMelbourne on 10-16 Boundary Street, South Melbourne, Victoria, Australia 3205.

South Melbourne Lifestyle

One of the great elements about this location is that it is only a ten-minute stroll to the iconic South Melbourne Market. This market has been going since 1867, when it was established on a license of land in what was then known as Emerald Hill. This marks the market as the oldest and continuously running market in the whole of Melbourne. The original 10 acres of land for the market was in the area bounded by the St Kilda Railway line and Cecil, York and Coventry Street. Having the market nearby was convenient when ordering lunch for the landscapers.

South Melbourne Market
South Melbourne Market - Photo Credit Qantas Travel Insider.


In a historically under-used corner of South Melbourne, yet offering a location with brilliant proximity to the Bay and CBD, Habitus offers a new form of urbanism for the area, leading the way in an accelerating gentrification and offering residents a unique, visionary presents lifestyle opportunity.

Habitus invites one to experience the finest inner city living with exceptional quality townhouses in prime locations. Offering a resolutely local neighborhood character and unparalleled access to Melbourne's most treasured landmarks and cultural attractions, Habitus sets a whole new standard in contemporary residential architecture.

The ultimate contemporary lifestyle. Habitus Townhomes showcases handcrafted forms to create a rich, fulfilling and integrated living experience for its residents. A big part of the lifestyle for these residents was our South Melbourne Landscaping.


DKO Architecture has built the Habitus Apartments in South Melbourne to deliver quality-crafted contemporary apartments. These apartments are conveniently placed, with just a short stroll to Montague Tram station. This provides effortless access to the Melbourne CBD and tram connections to St Kilda’s Fitzroy St. The rooftop balconies provide views of the Melbourne CBD. The location in South Melbourne is also just an easy walk to the now very fashionable Bay Street in Port Melbourne. The apartments, more precisely known as "townhomes", are available in three different styles, each with their own architectural character. The architects envisage a rich and fully integrated lifestyle for the new residents.


South Melbourne Lifestyle

The name Habitus is in fact Latin for "character,” which is something these apartments truly possess, as well as showcasing a determined commitment to quality. Lifestyle in South.

DKO was founded in 2000. Founding partners Koos de Keijzer and Zvonko Orsanic wanted to independently implement their own vision: creating ingenious spaces that are equally appreciated by the eyes, mind and soul. In the space of a decade, the office – with Koos de Keijzer as director – has grown from its humble beginnings into a design powerhouse in the Asia-Pacific region. DKO is a multidisciplinary team of more than 200 professionals working from six offices in Australia, New Zealand and South East Asia.

One of the great things about this location is that it is only a ten minute walk to the iconic South Melbourne Market. The Market has been going since 1867 when it was established on a grant of land in was was then known as Emerald Hill. This makes the market the oldest continuously running market in the whole of Melbourne. The original 10 acres of the market was in the area bounded by the St Kilda Railway line and Cecil, York and Coventry Street. Having the market nearby was handy when ordering lunch for the landscapers.

Red’s Landscaping and Civil has been contracted to provide extensive landscaping, paving and integrated green spaces. Included in this will be the construction of the people friendly spaces between the buildings. The video below shows the very early stages of landscape construction of the rooftop gardens. We will post some more photos later in the Melbourne Spring. Habitus South Melbourne

Landscaping the Rooftop Gardens

You may have read or seen our recent projects, whether they were about swimming pools or gardens, for which we have received a lot of admiration and respect. Our recent project was something different because it included rooftop gardening, which is getting popular nowadays.


Our Distinctive landscape. South Melbourne Landscaping at Habitus

Rooftop gardening is especially popular in cities, where available ground-level space is limited, heat buildup is a concern, and water overflow is an issue. Gardens can really reduce a building's overall heat absorption, lowering energy use and helping to combat smog. But that's not all these tiny environmental superheroes can achieve. They also provide an area for cultivating low-cost, long-term crops, relaxation, and animal migration routes.

Modern rooftop gardening may make a difference in our own future, just as ancient rooftop gardens did for human existence. Roof farming, according to Red's landscape service proponents, might be the answer to urban food insecurity, and environmentalists hope that these green spaces will have a positive impact on climate change and adaptation.

Rooftop gardens, also known as living roofs or green roofs, provide a number of advantages, including increased room for agriculture, aesthetic appeal, and improved air quality. Plants extract carbon dioxide from the air and release oxygen that we need to inhale during photosynthesis.

Rooftop gardens may help keep buildings cooler on hot summer days than standard roofs, especially larger buildings with tar and gravel roof surfaces. Traditional rooftops' temperatures tend to increase above the actual air temperature since they remain in direct sunlight for long periods of time. Because this heat radiates back into the environment, metropolitan regions are significantly warmer than rural and suburban locations. You may have noticed the temperature difference if you reside in a big city or have visited a shopping mall with a lot of concrete and buildings during the summer. When heat is reflected back into the environment from rooftops, a region with many buildings, such as a city, can experience a 5 to 7-degree Fahrenheit spike in local air temperatures! The urban heat island effect is the name for this occurrence.

Our South Melbourne Landscaping of Rooftop gardens take plant appreciation to new heights. On the streets below, cars speed by, while gardeners on rooftops and terraces take advantage of the setting's unique perspectives. These gardens have their own distinct atmosphere. Because they are so much smaller than the ordinary backyard, they force gardeners to consider what is truly important, and the results can be surprising and eye-catching.

Plants in rooftop gardens are exposed to more harsh conditions than plants in the ground, but if you choose and care for them wisely, they will thrive. Although a watering can or hose may suffice, drip irrigation should be considered, especially for big rooftop gardens.


Landscaping the Rooftop Gardens at Habitus. South Melbourne Landscaping

More information about Habitus in South Melbourne

Presenting the townhomes


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