Growing Lemon Trees - Redslandscaping

Growing Lemon Trees: Type, Care and Diseases

Having lemon trees in your backyard means enjoying the fresh flavour daily with all your drinks and meals. Pluck a lemon, cut in half, squeeze it over the meal and enjoy how wonderful it is?

Lemons, being a symbol of exotic tropical, are low maintenance easy to plant and grow. With its aromatic leaves and citrus scent that spreads out, the lemon tree never fails to perk up any garden. Do you want to grow your own lemons too? Don’t heed out; stick with us as we embark on a journey to learn about the types of lemon trees, their specific growth requirements, and the necessary care needed to grow a lemon tree.

Lemon Trees Growth

The Lemon trees can be planted just after the end of frost in the early spring. Lemon trees don’t like soggy and cold conditions. While selecting a plantation site, make sure that the site is well-drained and has a full sunspot for the tree. Moreover, if there are indications for chills then always plant your lemon tree against the south-western wall and shelter it.

Lemon Trees Growth - Redslandscaping
Lemon trees can be planted just after the end of frost in the early spring. Lemon trees don’t like soggy and cold conditions.

What shall be the spacing, depth, and support for lemon trees?

While planting lemon trees, remember that lemon trees usually grow tall up to 10-20 feet and 10-15 feet wide, so space them accordingly. For the dig depth, it is recommended to make it twice the length of the root ball. If the root ball of the sapling is like half a foot, then dig a foot in length. Lemon trees don’t require initial support, but once they take up fruit, they do require support. You can place them against the wall or give them a stick of support.

Lemon Tree Types

There are three main types of lemon trees: Meyer, Eureka, and Lisbon.

A) Meyer

One of the amazing flavours of a lemon tree with the versatility of growing both indoors and outdoors is the Meyer Lemon. The Meyer lemons are known for their reduced acid content and sweet and savoury flavours. Meyer lemons have a thin skin, which allows the citrus juice to fully develop, making them a perfect choice for sprinkling over salads and desserts.

Meyer Lemon Tree - Redslandscaping
Meyer lemons are known for their reduced acid content and sweet and savoury flavours.

The Meyer lemons are thorn less and can be cultivated all year. Meyer lemons are ideal to be grown in pots they can reach up to the heights of 10-15 feet tall.

B) Eureka

The Eureka lemons are a top choice to be grown indoors over the patio because of their dwarf size and easy harvesting. Eureka lemons are effortless home-grown fruits with the benefits of drought tolerance. With their sweet flavour, Eureka lemons are lemonade's favourite. Eureka lemons can’t survive cold conditions and are best suited for warmer areas. They spread sideways, and are adaptable to a variety of soil conditions while being safe from pests and diseases.

Eureka lemon tree - Redslandscaping
Eureka lemons are effortless home-grown fruits with the benefits of drought tolerance.

C) Lisbon

Lisbon produces its main lemon fruit in the winter and is cold tolerant. Lisbon trees have thorns, and their fruit has more seeds than that of Eureka lemons. The fruit, in terms of Lisbon, grows inside the tree, where it remains protected from the chills. Lisbon lemons have denser foliage and are more upright plants than Eureka.

Lisbon lemon tree - Redslandscaping
Lisbon produces its main lemon fruit in the winter and is cold tolerant.

Lemon Trees Care

Lemon trees grow well in sunny to full sun conditions. For a healthy fruit ripening lemon tree requires at least six to eight hours of sunlight each day. So, plant your lemon tree in an area where it gets a sufficient amount of sunlight.

If you plan to plant your tree in a pot indoors, then it's useful to place the pot over a trolley. With a trolley, the pot can be easily moved around to places where the sun shines well to ensure the best growing conditions.


Mainly citrus fruits like oranges and lemons require soil of medium to slight acidic texture and moderate depth for effective fruit ripening. Lemons require soil that are well drained.


Lemon trees, during initial planting and establishment, require frequent watering, like twice a week. But once grown to length, they prefer moderate rainfall. As they mature up, they develop drought tolerance and can thrive in nearly no water conditions too. During warm summers, keep the soil around lemons moist, especially for young trees. While watering lemon trees, be careful not to over water or waterlog the plant. Excess watering results in the yellowing of leaves, which shed over time.

Lemon Trees Water - Redslandscaping
Lemon trees, during initial planting and establishment, require frequent watering, like twice a week.

Temperature and Humidity

Lemon trees prefer warmer temperatures and humid conditions. Ideal lemons growth occurs when humidity is close to 50% and the temperature is between 75-85 Fahrenheit. Young lemon trees are sensitive towards cold conditions so if the temperature drops, you must pay extra attention for their shelter.

Pruning of Lemon Trees

Different lemon tree types have different growth styles and therefore have different pruning requirements. Prioritise pruning your lemon trees with long lateral branches for improved fruit growth and aesthetics. Pruning improves airflow between the branches and allows light to penetrate the centre. You can pinch out the foliage to control the shape and encourage bloom. Frequent pruning of the young trees can encourage a good branch structure. The upright growth habit of the Lisbon lemon trees can be maintained by regular pruning and, hence, can increase fruit production too.


Fertilisers encourage healthy growth and boost fruit production. Lemon trees are energy-hungry trees; additives like Nitrogen, phosphorus, and Potassium in the soil can improve healthy fruit growth and make the fruit riper. We recommended benefitting your lemons with nitrogen rich fertilizers every four to six weeks.


The best part about growing and caring for lemon trees is the harvesting time. Harvesting the lemons is way easier than it seems. You can pluck the lemons when their skin is yellow or yellow green. Most of the lemons are ready to harvest at the end of each season.

Common Pests and Diseases of Lemon Trees

Lemons from lemon trees are one of nature's wonderful gifts. Meanwhile, the fruit lemon trees also attract hosts of pests and plant diseases. Citrus leaf miners, mites, scale insects, and aphids are among the pests that frequent lemon trees.

Diseases usually discolour the leaves of lemon trees. Among the diseases these five commons shall be observed:

Diseases of Lemon Trees - Redslandscaping
Citrus leaf miners, mites, scale insects, and aphids are among the pests that frequent lemon trees.

1) Citrus Greening

Citrus greening is a bacterial disease that is characterised by yellow-blotchy leaves and disfigured fruit.

2) Citrus Canker

Pinpoint spots over the leaves that enlarge and develop as yellow halos are referred to as citrus canker. It’s a common plant disease in lemons that can only be cured by full sun baths and fungicide treatments.

3) Greasy spot disease

Yellow spots over the leaves that turn into blisters are the symptoms of greasy spot disease. Greasy spot is a fungus disease that occurs during humid, wet weather and vanishes under full sun.

4) Melanose

Melanose is another fungal disease that occurs during the rainy season. Raised, sunken lesions that are rough in texture and crack out over time are the symptoms of Melanose.

5) Citrus Scabs

Corky growth over the stem, leaves, and fruit is referred to as citrus scabs. Citrus scabs can only be controlled with copper-based fungicides.


The lemon tree offers the opportunity to enjoy fresh, flavourful lemons daily. With low maintenance and specific care requirements, lemon trees can add a citrus scent to your garden. By selecting the right lemon tree variety and providing adequate sunlight, well-drained soil, and proper watering, one can ensure healthy growth and bountiful harvests. Although pests and diseases can pose challenges, but taking proactive measures can help protect your lemon trees.

Embrace the joy of cultivating your own lemons and enhance your drinks and meals with their wonderful flavour.

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CPG12/CG093: 2022–2023 Florida Citrus Production Guide: Irrigation Management of Citrus Trees. Accessed 6 July 2023.

“Citrus: Lemons, Oranges, and Limes.”, Accessed 6 July 2023.

Lutz, Amanda. “How to Grow and Care for a Meyer Lemon Tree.” Architectural Digest, 9 June 2023,

Lemon | Diseases and Pests, Description, Uses, Propagation. Accessed 6 July 2023.

Tasmanian Blue Gum - Redslandscaping

Tasmanian Blue Gum (Eucalyptus Globulus)

Tasmanian Blue gum, scientifically named Eucalyptus Globulus, is an evergreen plant with broad leaves. Eucalyptus Globulus has its native roots in South Eastern Australia but is mainly cultivated for pulp paper production in Europe. Tasmanian Blue Gum is widely cultivated across the globe for its fast land adaptation and fast-growing aptitude. Tasmanian Blue Gum is renowned for its beautiful appearance, aromatic foliage, and valuable timber. Eucalyptus species have mostly smooth bark and juvenile leaves. These trees contribute to the character and heritage of South Eastern Australia.

History of Tasmanian Blue Gum Eucalyptus Globulus

Eucalyptus Globulus was one of the first parental species of Eucalyptus bought for cultivation. In 1799, they were formally described by a French Botanist, Labillardiere. Therefore, the plant is named after him, Eucalyptus Globulus Labill. In the mid-19th century, Tasmanian Blue Gum was planted for industrial purposes to extract timber and lapidify paper production. The plant covers over 1.3 million hectares of land throughout Europe.

Nomenclature and Taxonomy Tree


Plant Common name: Tasmanian Blue Gum
Plant Scientific / Botanical Name: Eucalyptus globulus
Plant EPPO Code: EUCGL (Eucalyptus Globulus)
Plant Trade Name: Southern Blue Gum
Plant Class: Dicotyledonae
Plant Order: Myrtales


Taxonomy Tree  
Plant Domain Name: Eukaryota
Plant Kingdom Name: Plantae
Plant Phylum Name: Spermatophyta
Plant Subphylum Name: Angiospermae
Plant Family: Myrtaceae
Plant Genus: Eucalyptus
Plant Species: Eucalyptus globulus


Eucalyptus globulus Companion Plant - Redslandscaping
Eucalyptus globulus Companion Plant from South Eastern Australia.

Tasmanian Blue Gum Plant Type


Tasmanian blue gums live for more than two years. Therefore, they are referred to as perennial-type plants. Perennial-type plants undergo growth cycles from reproduction to dormancy and finally persist.


Tasmanian Blue Gums have wide, broad leaves. Their flat and widespread leaves help them accumulate more sunlight than other species. Being a hardwood tree, broad leaves add a distinct appearance to their overall look.

Tasmanian Blue Gums have wide, broad leaves - Redslandscaping
Tasmanian Blue Gums have wide, broad leaves. From infant to full age.


Seed Propagated: 

Among different kinds of reproduction, Tasmanian Blue Gums reproduce via seed propagation. Their seeds are inside the capsules named "gum nuts," from which they are carried to another plant via wind, water, and insects.

Eucalyptus globulus Seed Propagated - Redslandscaping
Eucalyptus globulus Seed Propagated Plant.


Woody Tree: 

Tasmanian Blue Gums possess a dense, rigid structure composed of wood. The tree's woody structure makes its trunk solid and rigid, eventually making it grow taller.

Eucalyptus globulus is a woody tree - Redslandscaping
Eucalyptus globulus is a woody tree.

Distinguish Features Tasmanian Blue Gum (Eucalyptus Globulus)

With solitary flowers, stalked pedicels (4 mm), and large warty fruits, Tasmanian Blue gums are one-of-a-kind trees. The lower bark is rough and greyish, while the upper bark appears pale and smooth. It grows as a multi-stemmed shrub. Their leaves have a characteristic fragrance.

Tasmanian Blue Gum Physical Characteristics

Tasmanian blue gum is the complement of Tasmanian oak. Eucalyptus Globulus is an evergreen tree that grows up to a height of 70 metres and a diameter of 2 metres. The plant, weighing up to 900 kg/m3, has at least 12% moisture content. They can grow up to 70m tall with a straight trunk and leaves up to 15 cm long. Tasmanian Blue Gum has been recorded as one of the tallest plant species in Europe.

Tasmanian Blue Gum Height - Redslandscaping
Tasmanian Blue Gum Height can reach to 70 metres with a diameter of 2 metres.

The species hermaphrodite exists in both male and female pairs and is pollinated by bees. It can be grown in well-drained sandy, loamy, and clay soils. The plant prefers mildly alkaline pH conditions and can’t grow under shade.

Tasmanian Blue Gum Habitats

Tasmanian blue gums are mainly found in hilly countries and are favoured by damp marshy areas. They grow well in moist valleys in deep, rich soils. It grows in wet and dry sclerophyll woodland forests. Tasmanian Blue Gums are well adapted to Mediterranean climate regions. Mainly limiting water supply and low nutrient presence in the soil resist the growth of Tasmanian Blue gums. The ability of the species to regenerate from dormant buds has made it a fast-growing species. The fast growth rates mainly result from the intermediate shoot growth and the expanded leaf area.

Uses of Tasmanian Blue Gum Eucalyptus Globulus

Tasmanian Blue Gums' fast growth and adaptability to environmental conditions have turned them into a widely planted specie for industrial applications. Their cultivation is managed as short-term coppice crops to increase the industrial yield. Tasmanian blue gums have been widely used for both non-wood and wood applications in all edible and medicinal domains.

Improve Seed Germination for a Sustainable Horticulture - Redslandscaping
Improve Seed Germination for a Sustainable Horticulture.


An essential oil, i.e., one extracted from its leaves, is used for flavouring baked items like cakes and sweets.


Timber from Eucalyptus is widely used for wood works and carpentry. Its exceptional hardness and density make it perfect for flooring and fitting applications.

Tasmanian Blue Gum wood works and carpentry - Redslandscaping
Tasmanian Blue Gum is ustilised in wood works and carpentry.

Paper Industry: 

Eucalyptus pulp serves as the most viable raw material for paper production.

Insect Repellent:

Leaf extracts of Eucalyptus Globulus are widely used as insect repellents. Mosquito abundance can be decreased by the plantation of Eucalyptus globulus in wet areas.

Medicinal Use:

Traditional Aboriginal herbal remedies include eucalyptus leaves. Certain oil extracts from the leaves serve as antiseptics used for relieving infections from coughs and colds. Oils, if stored for a longer period of time, build up their self-disinfectant action. Some oil extracts from Eucalyptus are also used in herbal teas that prevent colds. Resin from the tree contains certain astringent tannins, which are used to treat diarrhoea and bladder inflammation.

Eucalyptus Globulus Uses - Redslandscaping
Eucalyptus Globulus Uses.

Soil Control:

Tasmanian Blue Gum is widely planted near the banks for windbreaks and shelter belts. Over the decades, their hold over the soil has also controlled soil erosion and salinity.


Tasmanian Blue Gums' fast growth, adaptability to various environments, and diverse applications make them an essential species in ecological domains. Its tall height, thorny trunk, widespread leaves, and punky fruits have always caught the viewer's eye. Its two-layered trunk colours add an extra layer to its significant appearance. With its various medicinal benefits and industrial applications, this evergreen plant continues to leave a lasting impact across the globe.


Insect pests of Tasmanian blue gum, Eucalyptus globulus globulus, in south-western Australia: History, current perspectives and future prospects | | A. D. Loch, R. B. Floyd | First published: 20 December 2001

Babatunde, Samuel A., and A. K. Musa. “Effect of Tasmanian Blue Gum (Eucalyptus Globulus Labill.) Leaf Extract on Cowpea Weevil (Callosobruchus Maculatus [Fabricius, 1775], Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae).” Acta Agriculturae Slovenica, 23 Dec. 2020,

National Trust - Tasmanian Blue Gum (Eucalyptus Globulus). Accessed 28 June 2023.

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Irrigation Plan Design - Reds Landscaping and Design

Everything You Need to Know about Irrigation Plan Design for a Successful Garden

A well-designed irrigation plan is essential for maintaining a healthy garden irrigation system. An irrigation plan involves the irrigation design and installation that deliver water to your plants at the right time and in the right amounts. This ensures that your plants receive consistent water without the need for manual watering, promoting healthy plant growth and reducing water waste. In this blog post, we will explore the benefits of irrigation plan design for home gardens, including improved water conservation and more efficient irrigation, as well as provide tips and insights for creating the perfect irrigation plan for your garden.

What are the benefits of a well-designed irrigation plan?

The benefits of having a well-designed irrigation system for a home garden are numerous. First and foremost, it can help in water conservation by reducing wastage and ensuring that the right amount of water is applied to each plant. This not only helps reduce water bills but also promotes sustainability by reducing the amount of water that is consumed.


Subsurface Drip Irrigation - Reds Landscaping and Design
Soaker hoses installed in trenches for water irrigation to a garden flower bed.

Additionally, an irrigation plan can help promote healthier plant growth by providing the necessary amount of water at the right time. This can also reduce the risk of plant diseases caused by overwatering or underwatering. Furthermore, an efficient irrigation plan can help save time and effort, as it eliminates the need for manual watering and ensures that plants receive water even when you are not present to do it yourself.

Creating the Perfect Irrigation Plan for Your Home Garden

To create a successful irrigation plan for your home garden, there are several important steps to follow. These include:

Landscape irrigation design: Before choosing an irrigation system, you need to assess the layout of your garden and identify areas that require water. Our 2D Landscape Design Package contains detailed plant schedules, quantities, spacings, and placement locations in accordance with a set of irrigation and hydraulic drawings. This will help you determine the best type of irrigation system to use and where to place water distribution points.


Garden Landscape Plan - Reds Landscaping and Design
Landscape architect design traditional chinese garden plan.

Drip irrigation system design: Drip irrigation is a popular option for home gardens, as it provides water directly to plant roots, reducing water waste and promoting plant health. When designing a drip irrigation system, you need to consider the type and size of tubing to use, the spacing of the emitters, and the placement of the water source.


Irrigation Drip System - Reds Landscaping and Design
Drought tolerant landscaping - Irrigation drip system delivers water to the right place.


Sprinkler system layout: Sprinkler systems are also a popular option for home gardens, as they provide even water distribution across a large area. When designing a sprinkler system, you need to consider the type of sprinkler head to use, the spacing of the heads, and the placement of the water source.


Irrigation System Schematic - Reds Landscaping and Design
Schematic of a commercial irrigation system with both sprinklers and drippers.


Computerised Watering Systems: If you want to take your irrigation system to the next level, you can opt for a computerised watering system that can be programmed to water your garden automatically at specified times. These systems are especially useful if you have a large garden or are frequently away from home.


Irrigation System Repair Still - Reds Landscaping and Design
Computerised Watering Systems.

How to Choose the Right Type of Irrigation System for Your Property

Before choosing the ideal type of irrigation system for your property, first you have to measure the size, layout, and type of plants you have in your property. Some of the best home irrigation systems include:

Underground sprinklers for small yards: If you have a small yard, an underground sprinkler system can be a good option, as it provides even water distribution and eliminates the need for manual watering.



Commercial Irrigation Sprinklers - Reds Landscaping and Design
Automatic lawn sprinkler watering green grass. Sprinkler with automatic system. Garden irrigation system watering lawn. Water saving or water conservation from sprinkler system with adjustable head.


Above-ground sprinkler systems: These sprinkler systems are easy to install and can be adjusted to provide water to specific areas of your garden. They are also relatively affordable.

Drip irrigation systems: Drip irrigation systems are ideal for gardens with plants that require consistent watering. They can also be adjusted to provide water to specific areas of your garden and are highly efficient in terms of water conservation.

The Role of Technology in Making Irrigation Design More Efficient and Sustainable

The way we irrigate our gardens has evolved thanks to technology, making it simpler and easier to conserve water and guarantee the watering of plants at the exact time. The following are some of the most significant technological developments in irrigation design:

Automated sprinklers: By programming automated sprinkler systems to water your garden at predetermined intervals, you may avoid manually watering your plants while still giving them a steady supply of water. Additionally, they can be altered to take into account variations in the climate. Soil moisture and other elements that influence plant development.


Sprinkler Irrigation System - Reds Landscaping and Design
Smart garden automatic sprinkler irrigation system working early in the morning in green park - watering lawn and colourful tulips narcissus.

Smart water management systems: These systems employ sensors and other cutting-edge technology to continuously monitor environmental elements such as weather patterns, soil moisture levels, and other environmental considerations. The irrigation system is then adjusted based on the data, ensuring that plants receive the ideal amount of water without wasting any.

IoT-enabled gardening: With the advent of smart sensors and tools that allow for remote monitoring and management of irrigation systems, the Internet of Things (IoT) has also had a significant impact on irrigation plan design. With the help of this technology, you can control the irrigation system and monitor the water usage in your garden from any location using a smartphone or other internet-capable device.

How to Calculate Water Demand and Usage in Your Irrigation Design

Calculate your garden's water demand and usage to make sure your irrigation system is using water effectively and efficiently. A water budgeting calculator is a helpful tool for estimating water demand and usage. It estimates the amount of water your garden needs by taking into consideration variables like soil type, plant type, climate, and irrigation system type. You can confirm that your irrigation system is using water effectively and efficiently, preventing water waste, and fostering sustainability by using this tool.


A well-thought-out irrigation plan design is crucial for fostering healthy plant development, water conservation, and time- and labour saving garden upkeep. It's crucial to take into account the shape of your garden, the kinds of plants you have, and your water source when developing an irrigation plan, as well as the most recent developments in irrigation design technology. You can make sure that your irrigation system is optimized for optimal effectiveness and sustainability by considering these elements and using resources like water budgeting calculators.

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Sustainable Botanical Landscape Design

Creating a Beautiful and Sustainable Botanical Landscape Design for Your Home

What is Botanical Landscape Design, and How Do You Create One?

Botanical landscape design is the art and science of creating a beautiful and sustainable garden using a variety of plant species, hardscaping materials, and design elements. It's an approach to garden landscaping that emphasises the use of native plants, low-maintenance gardens, and sustainable gardening practises to create a garden that is both beautiful and functional. In this blog, we will provide tips and ideas for creating a botanical landscape design for your home that is both sustainable and visually appealing.

landscape design palm springs style
Palm Springs style landscaping often features cacti, and succulents such as agave with plants to provide a splash of colour.

Choosing the Right Plants for Your Botanical Landscape Design

Choosing the appropriate plants for your garden is one of the vital components of good botanical landscape design, which you must be aware of even as you strive for it. You can select the ideal plants for your yard with the following advice:

Select Native Plants: Native plants are those that are native to a certain place and are therefore found there naturally. They are naturally well adapted to the soil, water, climate, and other environmental factors of that region. Compared to non-native plants, native ones require less upkeep.

Coastal Garden design style is often used in commercial landscaping.
Coastal Garden design style is often used in commercial landscaping.

Drought-Tolerant Plants: Drought-tolerant plants are plants that can survive with little to no irrigation. These plants are perfect for areas that experience water shortages or have limited access to water resources.

drought tolerant native plants
Drought tolerant native plants.

Ornamental Plants: Plants planted for ornamental purposes are known as ornamental plants. The use of these plants can help you design focal points or accent areas in your garden by adding colour, texture, and intrigue.

Ornamental Plants - Reds Landscaping and Design
The use of these plants can help you design focal points or accent areas in your garden by adding colour, texture, and intrigue.

Pollinator-Friendly Plants: Plants that support pollinators, such as bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds, by offering them food and habitat are known as pollinator-friendly plants. These plants have the potential to enhance biodiversity and support local ecosystems.

Pollinator-Friendly Plants
These plants have the potential to enhance biodiversity and support local ecosystems.

Botanical Garden Design: Visit a botanical garden if you're unclear about the best plants to choose from. These plant-filled gardens might provide ideas for your garden design.

The famous floral clock at Melbourne Botanical Gardens
The famous floral clock at Melbourne Botanical Gardens with sweeping lawns and Canary Island Palms (Phoenix canariensis). A great place to go for Garden Design ideas.

Tips on How to Incorporate Permaculture Principles in Your Botanical Landscape Design

Permaculture principles are a set of design principles that aim to create sustainable and self-sufficient systems. Here are some tips on how to incorporate permaculture design principles into your botanical landscape design:

Use Water Harvesting Techniques: Water harvesting techniques such as rainwater harvesting and greywater recycling can help reduce water usage and increase the sustainability of your garden.

Permeable Concrete Heidelberg Cement
Permeable Concrete Heidelberg Cement

Incorporate companion planting: Planting various species of plants together to establish a mutually beneficial relationship is known as companion planting. For instance, combining plants that fix nitrogen with those that need a lot of nitrogen can help increase soil fertility.

Incorporate companion planting - Reds Landscaping and Design
Incorporate Companion Planting

Organic gardening techniques: Use organic gardening techniques to build a healthy, long-lasting garden ecosystem. Organic gardening techniques include composting and natural insect management.

Organic gardening techniques - Reds Landscaping and Design
Organic Gardening Techniques

Designing With Nature: Essentials of a Wildlife-Friendly Botanical Garden

Creating a wildlife-friendly botanical garden can help support local ecosystems and promote biodiversity. Here are some tips on creating a wildlife-friendly garden design:

Provide Habitat: Go for wildlife habitat gardening by incorporating features such as birdhouses, bat boxes, and insect hotels into your garden design.

wildlife habitat gardening - Reds Landscaping and Design
Wildlife Habitat Gardening

Use Native Plants: Using native plants in your garden can help local wildlife by giving it food and a place to live.

Hydrangea Plant - Non Pruned - Reds Landscaping and Design
Hydrangea, common names hydrangea or hortensia, is a genus of over 75 species of flowering plants native to Asia and the Americas. A gardener showcases a potted Hydrangea in Wollongbar - New South Wales - Australia.

Create Water Features: To provide a water source for wildlife, create water features like birdbaths, ponds, and fountains.

Water Features - Reds Landscaping
Water fountains and gardens near Almudaina Palace in Palma de Majorca, Balearic Islands Spain.

Bringing Life to Your Outdoor Space with Low-Maintenance Plants and Flowers

Your botanical landscape design can help cut down on the time and work needed to maintain your garden by incorporating low-maintenance plants and flowers. Consider the following low-care perennials and flowers:

Low-Maintenance Perennials: Perennial plants are those that can survive for more than a year with little upkeep. Black-eyed Susans, coneflowers, and lavender are some examples.

Low-Maintenance Perennials - Reds Landscaping and Design
Perennial plants are those that can survive for more than a year with little upkeep.

Flower Bed Design: Create a flower bed design that incorporates low-maintenance plants and flowers, such as succulents, sedums, and ornamental grasses. These plants require little water and attention and can add texture and interest to your garden.

Ornamental flower bed - Reds Landscaping
These plants require little water and attention and can add texture and interest to your garden.

Use Mulch: Mulch is used to retain the moisture of the soil, which in turn reduces the frequent requirement for water. Mulch is effective in suppressing weed production and regulating soil temperature. Use it to keep your soil moist and free from weeds.

Mulching - Redslandscaping
Mulch is used to retain the moisture of the soil, which in turn reduces the frequent requirement for water.

Consider Xeriscaping: The landscaping technique that involves using drought tolerant plants to create a low-maintenance, low-water garden is termed "Xeriscaping". Xeriscaping is a useful technique in areas experiencing less rainfall and limited excess water.


It is a great and satisfying experience to build a sustainable floral landscape that is both lovely and environmentally responsible. By adopting permaculture concepts, picking the appropriate plants, and employing low-maintenance plants that can withstand even drought conditions, you can make one. All gardeners can benefit from this advice and strategies, regardless of skill level. For your next garden design consultation Melbourne, contact Red's Landscaping and Design Team for the best results.

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The Complete Murraya Hedges, Plants, and Trees - Redslandscaping

The Complete Murraya Hedges, Plants, and Trees Growers Guide 2023

Murraya hedges, also known as orange jessamine or Chinese box, are a popular choice for hedges and screens due to their attractive glossy leaves and fragrant white flowers. In this article, we will discuss different types of Murraya hedges and where to grow them, as well as answer some of your questions, such as "how to propagate Murray hedges from cuttings."

What Kinds of Murraya Hedges Are There?

There are several different types of Murraya plants, including Murraya paniculata, which is the most common variety and can grow up to 3 metres tall, and Murraya exotica, which is a smaller variety that grows up to 1.5 metres tall.

To care for Murraya hedge plants, it is important to provide them with well-drained soil, full sun to partial shade, and regular watering. They also benefit from regular fertilisation and pruning to promote healthy growth and shape. The best time to prune them is early summer or late spring.

Murraya Hedge Flowers and Fruits – What You Need To Know And How to Care for Them

Murraya Hedge Flowers and Fruits - Redslandscaping
Murraya Hedge Flowers and Fruits.

The flowers and fruits of Murraya hedging are small and white, and they bloom in clusters. The fruit is a small, round berry that is green when unripe and turns black when ripe. But how do you care for the Murraya hedge plant and its fruits? It is important to provide the plant with the proper growing conditions, such as adequate sunlight and watering, as well as regular fertilisation. Let's look at the care routine in detail below.

Growing Murraya at Home

Growing Murraya at home is a great way to add some greenery to your home. They are known for their glossy green leaves and fragrant white flowers that bloom in the spring and summer.

Growing Murraya at Home - Redslandscaping
The Lowdown on Care and Maintenance.

First, it's important to note that Murraya are tropical plants and prefer warm, humid environments. They do well in temperatures between 60 and 85 degrees Fahrenheit and thrive in bright, indirect light. If you're looking to grow Murray's indoors, a south- or west-facing window would be ideal. If you're planting them outdoors, make sure they are protected from strong winds and direct sunlight.

The Lowdown on Care and Maintenance

  • When planting, make sure to dig a hole that is slightly larger than the root ball of the plant. The depth of the hole should be the same as the depth of the root ball; this is how deep you plant a shrub. Murraya prefers well-draining soil, so make sure to amend the soil with compost or other organic matter before planting.
  • Once your Murraya is planted, it will need regular watering to establish its roots and keep them hydrated. Don't overwater plants because this can cause root rot. Murraya should be watered when the soil is dry to the touch. In the summer, you may need to water them more frequently, while in the winter, you can reduce the frequency.
  • Fertilizing your Murraya is also an important part of caring for them. They prefer a balanced fertiliser with equal parts nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. They should be fertilised every 4-6 weeks during the growing season.
  • Pruning is also an important part of maintaining your Murraya Hedges. They can grow quite large, so pruning will help to control their size and shape. The best time to plant shrubs in Melbourne is in the spring or summer. Prune your Murraya in the spring, after they have finished blooming. Cut back any dead or damaged branches and shape the plant as desired.
Murraya Pruning and Trimming - Redslandscaping
Prune your Murraya in the spring, after they have finished blooming.

Growing Murraya at home is a great way to add some greenery to your home. They are easy to care for and maintain, but they do require regular watering, fertilising, and pruning. With the right care and attention, your Murraya will thrive and bring beauty and fragrance to your home for many years to come.

Murray's Frequently Asked Questions

How frequently do you water Murray's?

It is one of the common questions about growing Murrayas, and the answer is that it's best to water the Murraya regularly. The amount of water needed to keep your Murraya happy and healthy depends on the climate, the season, and other factors, such as soil type However, as a general rule of thumb, Murrays should be watered on average two to three times a week.

How often should Murray be fertilised?

Fertilize them at least once a month. When fertilising Murrays, use a balanced fertiliser and apply it according to the instructions on the packaging Generally, Murrays should be fertilised at least once a month to ensure they stay healthy and are able to achieve their best blooms.

How do we control pests and diseases?

Keep an eye out for pests and diseases and treat them promptly with fertilisers or pesticides. Murrays are quite susceptible to pests and diseases, so it is important to be vigilant in checking them regularly and treating any symptoms that appear quickly to avoid serious damage to the plants.

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Telopea speciosissima (Red waratah)

Waratah in Australian Landscape Design

Waratah, or Telopea, is a group of large shrubs or small trees native to Australia, especially the southeastern parts of New South Wales, Victoria, and Tasmania. There are five species of waratah. The most well-known is the Telopea speciosissima (Red waratah), which is known for its bright red flower and is the state symbol of New South Wales. The word "waratah" derives from the native Eora Aboriginal people, meaning red flowering tree. In the flowery vocabulary, waratahs represent beauty.

Tree in bloom
Alloxylon flammeum (Queensland Tree Waratah) is a rainforest tree that only grows naturally in the Atherton Tablelands.

Where do Waratahs grow best?

Ideal Growing Conditions

Growing Conditions: The ideal climates for growth are temperate and semitropical. This plant prefers moderate shade with morning sun, although it will also thrive in full sun. Make sure it only gets a little exposure to the hot afternoon sun. Soils with good drainage are ideal for the growth. The optimal soil for planting waratahs is slightly acidic, sandy soil.

Waratah blooms in bushland under the spring sunshine in NSW, Australia. The inflorescence is surrounded by a whorl of big, red bracts that protect them.


Lewin's Honeyeater on a waratah flower. A great way to attract wildlife to your garden.

Plant Description

Description: Red waratah is simple to grow and grows rapidly once established. It has partially branching stems that can grow 3-4 metres tall and 2 metres wide. The leaves are big, oblong, leathery, and have roughly toothed edges. The upper side of the leaf is dark green and smooth, and the veins are easy to see. The lower side of the leaf is lighter green. They are dark green and are placed alternately on the branches.

Telopea speciosissima (Red waratah)
Telopea speciosissima (Red waratah). The leaves are big, oblong, leathery, and have roughly toothed edges.

The flower heads of these plants are huge, beautiful, and dome-shaped. The inflorescence comprises 250 pairs of flowers surrounded by a whorl of big, red bracts that protect them.

Waratah flower inflorescence comprises 250 pairs of flowers.

The bloom opens from the base or the exterior of the head. The flower's diameter varies from 5 to 15 cm. The flowering season is from September through November. Flowers produce a great amount of nectar, which attracts birds and insects, the plant's primary pollinators.

Yellow Waratah (Telopea speciosissima x oreades)
Yellow Waratah (Telopea speciosissima x oreades)

Waratah fruit is a reddish brown leathery pod with a big, beige-coloured winged seed. When the fruit is ripe, it splits lengthwise, releasing two rows of 10-20 winged seeds. Waratah can survive bushfires because it has a lot of dormant buds in its underground stem that starts to grow soon after the fire.

Waratah seed pods. When the fruit is ripe, it splits lengthwise, releasing two rows of 10-20 winged seeds

Caring for your waratah plant

Watering: Newly planted trees need constant watering for the first summer, especially during the establishment phase. During the early growing season, water thoroughly once every two weeks. In extreme drought, older trees could need watering. Overwatering your plant can cause fungal problems, especially around the roots. Waratah does not require water in late autumn and winter.

Fertilisers: Waratah is sensitive to phosphorus in general-purpose fertilisers. Phosphorus-containing fertilisers might be hazardous to your plant. Feed in the spring with bone and blood or slow-release fertiliser low in phosphorus and specially prepared for native plants to encourage vigorous growth and many flowers.

Pruning: Mature plants require regular pruning to keep their thick structure and encourage more flower production. Once flowering has finished, prune the branches down to one-fourth their length. As you notice any weak stems, cut them off.

Disease and Pests

Waratah is particularly susceptible to root rot; however other fungal diseases can affect these plants in waterlogged soil. These plants really require excellent drainage. Waratah can also be grown in raised beds or pots to prevent root rot.

Scale can occasionally be an issue on these plants, especially on the younger ones, but it is usually easily treated with pest oil, which suffocates the. Bud and stem borer can damage flower buds, but Bacillus thuringiensis is a good way to get rid of them.

Landscape Design ideas for Waratah

Waratah is such a beautiful plant, and its amazing floral displays are fantastic additions to the garden, which adds uniqueness to your environment by attracting animal and insect life. If you want to get the most out of your waratah, put it in a visible area where you can easily access it, such as a driveway, a path, or the front of your house. Additionally, they will contrast beautifully with wooden decks, putting you right in the middle of the flowers.

Queensland Tree Waratah Royal Botanical Gardens Sydney.

More Information on Waratah and Related Plants

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Portuguese Laurel tree (Prunus lusitanica)

Portuguese Laurel (Prunus lusitanica)

Prunus lusitanica, commonly known as Portuguese laurel, is an evergreen tree that grows in the Mediterranean region. It is a species of flowering plant that is a member of the Rosaceae family of plants. Its natural habitats include the southwestern regions of France, Spain, Portugal, and Morocco. It is an evergreen shrub or small tree with a height of 3 to 8 metres (Can grow up to 15-20 m in cultivation).

Portuguese Laurel
The Portuguese Laurel is a type of hedge that has thick branches and small leaves.

Unlike most other trees, the bark of Prunus lusitanica is smooth and dark grey. The leaves are alternate, oval-shaped, 7-15 cm long, and 3-5 cm wide.

Portuguese Laurel tree (Prunus lusitanica) leaves
Portuguese Laurel tree (Prunus lusitanica) leaves. The leaves are alternate, oval-shaped, 7-15 cm long, and 3-5 cm wide.

Portuguese Laurel Flowers

The flowers are small and white. The leaves have an acute apex and a dentate margin; glossy dark green above and lighter green below. They look remarkably similar in appearance to that of the bay laurel. The flowers are small and white, and they appear on long spikes in the late spring and early summer.

They have a lovely fragrance and are followed by dark purple berries, which will attract birds and bees to your yard and garden.

Portuguese Laurel tree (Prunus lusitanica) berries
Close-up beautiful branch with black berries of Prunus lusitanica (Portuguese laurel) with evergreen leaves.

Bees and butterflies are attracted to their flowers, and a diverse range of birds eat the berries that they produce.

Portuguese Laurel Maintenance

Despite its appearance, Portuguese laurel requires little maintenance. During the late summer months, a gentle trim is required to remove broken and overgrown branches. These characteristics make the Prunus lusitanica a great plant for commercial landscaping.

Portuguese Laurel tree (Prunus lusitanica)
Portuguese Laurel tree (Prunus lusitanica) at Trinity St Kilda.

Prunus lusitanica grows well in any soil as long as it does not waterlogged. It also grows in shadow chalky soil. It requires full sun to partial shade. It doesn’t like extreme cold.

Portuguese Laurel Hedges

The Portuguese Laurel tree (Prunus lusitanica) is a beautiful, dense evergreen that can make an excellent hedge. It can be considered both a tree and a hedge in some cases.

Portuguese Laurel tree (Prunus lusitanica) Hedge - Portuguese Laurel Hedge
Portuguese Laurel tree (Prunus lusitanica) Hedge - Portuguese Laurel Hedge

If you're looking for a dense hedge that's also easy to maintain, a gorgeous Portuguese laurel dense hedge is a great choice. Because of its adaptability, it thrives in arid climates and sandier or clay-heavy soil types.

The pencil-like spikes of creamy white flowers in early summer and burgundy coloured leaf stalks make it ideal for hedging. Portuguese laurel hedge is very dense, due to which it is good for screening and privacy.

Portuguese Laurel tree (Prunus lusitanica) Hedge
A neatly trimmed garden hedge of Portuguese Laurel tree (Prunus lusitanica)

Growth rate of Prunus lusitanica

Depending on the variety and location, Prunus lusitanica grows at a moderate to a rapid rate. It can grow between 40 and 60 cm per year on average.

In hedges, the ideal height for a Portuguese laurel is up to 5 m, although it can reach much greater heights. This means that the tree will not grow quickly but will mature into a nice hedge in a reasonable amount of time.

Evergreen leaves of Prunus lusitanica
Evergreen leaves of Prunus lusitanica (Portugal laurel) with black berries in park of Massandra Palace, Crimea

Problems with Portuguese laurels

Portuguese laurel is more resistant to insect and pest attacks than other species of Prunus. Portuguese laurel is choosy when it comes to soil moisture, and the majority of the problems that this plant can face are caused by insufficient watering. If you check the plant regularly and water sufficiently, there should be no problem, especially during summer and high temperatures. The browning and drooping leaves however, may indicate that the plant is too dry. The best solution is deep watering with a drip irrigation system.

Portuguese Laurel Problems Australia

Prunus lusitanica suffers from overwatering, and in waterlogging conditions, this plant does not thrive. The root system of the Portuguese laurel will suffer if it is planted in heavy soil or soil with poor drainage.

There are few pests and diseases that it gets during the humid months. It can get a little bit of shot hole, which is just a localised fungal spotting on the leaf, and as the leaf or the plant system deals with that fungus, a little tiny hole appears, which will correct itself but if it’s worse than you can spray it.

Landscaping with Prunus lusitanica

As mentioned, it is an evergreen, ornamental and low maintenance tree that is also used to make an excellent hedge. Prunus Lusitania can be planted for the flowering tree, a hedge for the border, and a privacy screen. Due to these qualities, this tree is well recommended for your garden and landscaping.

Evergreen leaves of Prunus lusitanica - Portuguese Laurel Images
Evergreen leaves of Prunus lusitanica in commercial landscaping

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commercial sunflower crop

Sunflower: A beautiful flower and national symbol

The Sunflower (Helianthus annum L.) is a member of the Asteraceae family. Helianthus is derived from the Greek words helios (sun) and anthos (flower) and has the same meaning as the English name Sunflower, which was given to these flowers based on the belief that they follow the sun during the day.


Sunflower flower parts
Sunflower flower parts

It's an annual flowering plant with a big inflorescence. The plant has a 1 to 4 metre high rough, hairy stem, broad, coarsely toothed, rough leaves that are 75 to 300 mm long, and circular heads of flowers that are 75 to 150 mm across and contain numerous individual flowers that mature into seeds. Because of their short growing season, they are big plants that are planted all over the world.

summer sunflowers
A field of summer sunflowers. Galilpoli


Researchers suggested that first nation people cultivated the plant in present-day Arizona and New Mexico about 3000 B.C. Some archeologists suggest that it may have been domesticated from corn. Although the scientific consensus had long been that Sunflower was domesticated once in eastern North America. The discovery of pre-Columbian Sunflower remains at archeological sites in Mexico led to the proposal of the second domestication centre in southern Mexico. However, evidence from multiple evolutionary important loci supported single domestication that the sunflower plant originated in eastern North America.

Uses of Sunflower

Sunflower is the fourth largest oilseed crop globally, and its seeds are used as food, while the dried stem is used as fuel. It has been utilised as a decorative plant and in ancient events for centuries. Additionally, elements of these plants are used to create dyes for the textile industry, body painting, and other decorative purposes. Sunflower oil is used in salad dressings, cooking, margarine, and shortening manufacture. The oil is used in the manufacturing of paints and cosmetics. The seed cake that remains after oil extraction is utilised as livestock feed in several areas.

Sunflower Oil
Sunflower Oil has many health benefits

Additionally, it has been reported that sunflower is used medicinally to treat pulmonary ailments. Sunflower seeds have a variety of health benefits, including lowering your risk of developing diseases such as blood pressure or heart disease. Additionally, they include minerals that can help strengthen your immune system and increase your energy level. Sunflower seeds include vitamin E, flavonoids, and other anti-inflammatory plant components. The oil has been shown to lower total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol while also possessing antioxidant capabilities. Sunflower tea is used to treat respiratory problems and malaria. Leaf tea has antipyretic and astringent effects.

Varieties of Sunflower

Sunflowers are among the most beautiful types of flowers that you should grow in your garden. These annual plants are available in various sizes and colours due to more than 70 varieties. Sunflowers are one of the most simple flowers to grow and maintain because of their Drought tolerant and pest resistant, s. Sunflowers thrive in the summer heat, and there are several varieties of sunflower that do well in a garden with plenty of sunshine.

sunflower field
A sunflower field in summer. Galilpoli

Tall sunflowers, dwarf sunflowers, and coloured sunflowers are the three types of sunflowers that can be found. Tall varieties may grow up to 5 metres in height, whereas dwarf sunflower varieties can only grow up to around 1 metre in height, making them ideal for growing in limited places.

Dwarf sunflowers
Balcony gardening: two terracotta flower pots with yellow dwarf sunflowers by stainless steel railing, on white tiles, sunny summer day

Sunflowers are available in a range of colours as well. Even though all kinds are derived from the same species, each has been carefully bred to exhibit a unique set of features. Some popular varieties:

  • Russian mammoth
  • American Giant
  • Sundance kid
  • Suntastic Yellow with a black centre
  • Earthwalker
  • Ms. Mars
  • Strawberry Blonde
  • Sunforest Mix
  • Skyscraper
  • Italian White
  • Teddy Bear
  • Golden Bear
  • Helios Flame
  • Moulin Rouge (Deep red petals)
  • Ring of Fire
  • Choco sun

and many others.

Commercial production of Sunflower

Sunflowers are more than just a beautiful sight to see. Furthermore, they are a source of income for farmers, as it is one of the most profitable crops they cultivate. Sunflower farming is quite widespread and popular in many countries. In the last three years, the production of sunflowers has increased by up to 12.30 %. The primary reason for commercially cultivating sunflower is to produce sunflower oil, which is why it is grown in many nations.

A field of sunflowers
A commercial crop of sunflowers

Sunflower oil has been highly popular, making it highly wanted after by food processors and manufacturers. Harvested sunflowers are particularly well-suited for crop rotations since they help in the long-term management of weeds and diseases and contribute to the soil's biomass after harvesting. Statistics show that sunflower production would climb to 56.96 metric tonnes in 2021-22, up from 50.74 metric tonnes in the previous season. Ukraine, Russia, the European Union, and Argentina are the top four sunflower-producing countries globally.

Sunflower as a care and national emblem

Plants have been chosen as symbols in several countries to represent certain geographical regions. Some countries have a floral emblem representing the entire country, while others have additional symbols representing the many subdivisions. The sunflower is the national flower of Ukraine. Sunflower is becoming the global symbol of solidarity. Ukrainians have always considered the sunflower their national flower, and it has long maintained a special place in their hearts. In the east of Ukraine, beautiful fields of sunflowers greet the rising light as it rises.

ukraine sunflowers
A panorama shot of sunflower fields in Ukraine

Ukrainians consider them to be their national flower, and in folklore, they symbolise the warmth and might of the sun, which was revered by pre-Christian Slavs. In a weird twist, Ukraine is one of the world's leading producers and exporters of sunflower seeds and sunflower oil, which is a surprising development. Through the efforts of early North American explorers, sunflowers made their way from their native North America to Ukraine. The seeds were sent to the ancient world, where they were discovered to thrive in hot, dry climates with rich soil, such as Ukraine.

An Embodiment of Summer

Sunflowers are the embodiment of summer in their blooming beauty. Their bright yellow petals and tall green stalks make it simple to see why they are so popular amongst flower lovers. The sunflower is a beautiful flower often used to signify pleasure and congratulations; nevertheless, there is much more to this gorgeous flower.

sunflower summer
Sunflowers are the embodiment of summer in their blooming beauty

The sunflower is linked to a variety of different meanings around the world. Various cultures understand it to signify anything from optimism and strength to admiration and loyalty, among other things. Sunflowers are considered to provide good luck and long-lasting happiness in Chinese culture, which is why they are frequently given as graduation gifts and at the launch of a new business.

Bees and Honey

While the honey bee is one of the most widely spread pollinators on the planet and the sunflower is one of the most widely distributed flowers, not every kind of sunflower is attractive to honey bees. Consequently, to produce honey, you must select the best variety for honey bees because only a few sunflower varieties contain both nectar and pollen. Here are few sunflower varieties for honey bees:

  • Black Russian
  • Red Sun
  • Teddy Bear
  • Sungold
  • Autumn Beauty
  • Mammoth Grey Stripe
  • Henry Wilde


Sunflowers are great for bees like this bumblebee.

The honey is a sweet fluid made from the nectar of sunflowers. It is mild in flavour, and its colour is a medium shade of yellow. This type of honey is a highly viscous, crystalline fluid at room temperature.

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chinese pagoda Kew Gardens

Chinese Landscaping and Melbourne Gardens

Chinese Landscaping (中国园林) is well known for its use of decorative design elements and the use of the concept of the "ideal miniature" as a landscape design tool.

The Chinese garden culture has more than three thousand years old design tradition. It is a unique phenomenon in landscape architecture and human cultural history. It is the oldest continuous garden and landscape concept in the world, dating back to the Shang dynasty in the 2nd century B.C when the transformation of natural landscape arrived at the phase where gardens for pleasure, recreation, happiness, and laugher could appear.

豫园 Yù Yuán /yoo ywen/ 'Happiness Garden'
Yu Yuan (豫园) Gardens or Happiness Gardens , Shanghai, China. These gardens are thought to be more than 400 years old and may date back to the Ming Dynasty.

The Yu Yuan Garden (豫园) is compromised  of six different scenic areas. These are the Inner Garden, Sansui Hall, Wanhua Chamber, Dianchun Hall, Huijing Hall, and the Yuhua Hall. These gardens are a great example of the Chinese landscape design concept of the idealised miniature,

Amongst the many highlights of the garden are; exquisite sculptures, classical Chinese architecture and beautiful chinese carvings.

The Chinese garden converted and improved natural landscapes with deep symbolism. The level of garden spaces is strictly bound, giving substantial importance to hills, rocks, and water.

Suzhou chinese garden - chinese garden design
The Suzhou Chinese garden. According to UNESCO, "The classical gardens of Suzhou, Jiangsu Province, China date back to the 6th century BCE when the city was founded as the capital of the Wu Kingdom" The Chinese garden design seeks to recreate natural landscapes as an idealised miniature and the Suzhou gardens are a great example of this.

The Chinese garden emulates a deep understanding of nature and its procedures. They are composed of a series of landscape portraits, a picture from individual points from window frames along corridors of a set of buildings. Chinese landscape is an idealised miniature, which is meant to express the harmony between man and nature.

The planting design of traditional Chinese gardens does not apply to a wide variety of ornamental plants. Not so much in the variability, but the decorative appearance and the deep symbolical meaning are forefront in Chinese planting design. Trees with the irregular arrangement, meadow or pasture, but huge water surfaces instead, always with lotus plant cover representing purity and admired in the Buddhist philosophy.

A typical Chinese landscape is enclosed by walls and includes:

  • One or more ponds.
  • Rock works.
  • Trees and flowers.
  • An assortment of halls with the garden provides a carefully composed scene to the visitors.
Landscaping with rocks, paths and gravel - chinese landscaping
Landscaping with rocks, paths and gravel - chinese landscaping


Feng Shui is a system of the earliest Chinese practises that aim to increase the happiness and comfort of the human inside a home, an office, or a garden. It stimulates the good flow of energy in that space. Chi is a term used in Feng shui to refer to the universal energy present in and around us. Feng shui aims to direct the flow of Chi within our space to contribute to a good flow of Chi inside ourselves as well. Because due to this energy, humans connect to the area.

Feng shui means knowing how to choose the right colours and decorative elements and use them in the specific areas of your home to bring about nourishing energy to your space and the different areas of your life. Feng shui is not an imposition of strict rules because no strictness breeds a healthy flow of energy. There are five elements of feng shui: wood, fire, earth, metal, and water. These five elements' correct position and placement in our space can stimulate Chi and promote our wellbeing.

Feng Shui 5 Elements - chinese garden design elements
The five elements of feng shui: wood, fire, earth, metal, and water. These five elements' correct position and placement in our space can stimulate Chi and promote our wellbeing.

The wood element withstands vitality, health, and growth. Wood is also an element of abundance. The use of wood encourages wealth and prosperity. It is expressed in green and brown colours. Decorative elements that add wood to your space are lush and healthy plants, green pillows, and vegetation. The element fire brings energy from the sun and with it a sense of joy and creativity. It is also an element of love, romance, and passion. To add this element to your space, use candles of different colours, fire images, yellow lampshades, etc. The element earth stand for nourishment, protection, stability, and support. It provides us with an inner sense of ground and space. It is a crucial element to add to our hectic and stressful modern lives. This element is expressed in beige, sandy, and taupe colours. The fourth element of Feng shui is metal. It brings discipline, structure, productivity, and efficiency. Metal eliminates distraction and helps in creating a sense of clarity, calm, and lightness. Its colours are white and grey. Use the metal to balance out overly warm and sensible places, but don't overuse it. The fifth and final element of Feng shui is water, one of the most important and influential elements. Water brings the refreshing energy of ease and harmony. Water provides us a sense of renewal and flow. It is also a symbol of abundance and is always used in Feng shui to cultivate wealth. 

Advantages of Feng Shui 風水 in Chinese Landscaping

Feng Shui plays a crucial role in enhancing wealth. Many businessmen used it to attract clients. Proper Feng shui can greatly improve your health. It is used mainly for sickened and older people and is trusted to have potential health benefits. Feng shui principles boost mental health. By adding flowering and decorative plants, your mental health will be improved. The accidents and unwanted events can be reduced by Feng shui.


The natural garden style proved to be the symbol of liberal philosophy and the enlightened way of thinking. The modern landscape garden, which can be seen as an idealised view of nature, is inspired by classical landscape painting and the classic Chinese gardens, which European travellers have described. The interest in Chinese culture, architecture, and garden design spread around the British island and inspired talented gardeners and designers. The gardens created in the chamber made a new section in the picturesque landscaped gardens. In these so-called anglo-chinoiserie gardens, eastern, mainly Chinese architectural motivates garden elements have been used in most cases without integrating the Chinese nature philosophy. These first, more or less formal effects of Chinese garden design on modern landscape architecture were written by garden designers and horticulturists during the gardens period, where great variety in plant design was taken into the focus of landscape architecture.

The uniqueness and exoticism of Chinese art and architecture in Europe were managed in 1738 when the first Chinese house was constructed in the English garden (Stowe House Garden).

Chinese house was constructed in the English garden (Stowe House Garden) - modern chinese garden design
Chinese house was constructed in the English garden (Stowe House Garden) - modern chinese garden design

Chinoiserie garden pavilion called the Chinese House. Thought to be the work of architect William Kent (c. 1685-1748), commissioned by Sir Richard Temple, Viscount Cobham (1675-1748), by 1738. Enclosed wooden rectangular structure, painted with chinoiserie designs, with latticework windows and with a gabled roof with lead covering and two gilded fish finials. Due to William Chamber, who lived in China from 1745-1747, the style became more popular . He built a Great Chinese pagoda (A Chinese house) in London (Kew Garden). After that, Chinese pagodas began to appear in other English gardens. Subsequently, the term Anglo-Chinese garden for this style of landscaping.

Chinese Pagoda Kew Gardens - types of chinese gardens
Chinese Pagoda Kew Gardens - types of chinese gardens

In the 19th century, the gardening interests of the west had turned towards the display of rare and exotic plants. Plant collectors discovered a paradise in China. Garden borders and woods started to blossom soon with species of azalea and rhododendron, which are found in the wild foothills of the Himalayas.


From 1970, the Chinese traders were visiting the north coast of Australia. After the British settlement (1788), many Chinese people came as workers, prisoners, and fee settlers. After that, the Chinese arrival to Australia was not significant until the Victorian (the 1850s) and New South Wales gold rushes. From the Victorian gold rush, the number of Chinese people in Australia reached 50,000.

Avoca Chinese Garden (阿沃卡中国花园)

Avoca Chinese Garden - chinese garden gate design
Sign at the entrance to Avoca Chinese Garden - Chinese Garden Gate Design

The Avoca Chinese Garden, also known as  The Avoca Garden of Fire and Water, is a well known commemoration of Chinese heritage in Victoria's Goldfield region. This beautiful park features a tranquil pond and an attractive wooden pagoda. The plantings feature Australian native plants as well as plants such as bamboo, which is more typical of a traditional Chinese Garden.

Chinese Landscaping Pagoda - Chinese Garden Design Decorating Ideas
A pagoda at the Avoca Chinese Garden - Chinese Garden Design Decorating Ideas

Opening officially on 11th October 2014 the Avoca Chinese Garden has continued to grow and transform into a place of beauty, art and tranquility. It is a credit to the volunteers, who have worked hard to establish the gardens and provide maintenance.

Tranquil Pool - Chinese Garden Design Elements
A tranquil pool with slate rocks at Avoca Chinese Garden of Fire and Water - Chinese Garden Design Elements

Construction of the gardens began in January 2014 after months of planning and landscape design work. Lyndal Jones, Lindy Lee and Mel Ogden were the chief artists according to an information sign by the gardens. Expertise on soils and plants was provided by local soil expert Martin Wynne and local tradesmen and local materials were used where possible.

Kangaroo Paw and Xanthorrhoea amongst the more typical Chinese Plants - Chinese Garden Design Decorating Ideas
Kangaroo Paw and Xanthorrhoea amongst the more typical Chinese Plants - Chinese Garden Design Decorating Ideas
Garden boulder in Chinese landscaping - Chinese Landscaping
Garden boulder in Chinese landscaping - Chinese Landscaping

Rocks, a pagoda and a tranquil pool are all typical features used in Chinese landscape design.

Chinese Landscape Design
Chinese Landscape Design

Melbourne’s Chinatown has a long and memorable history starting from the Victorian gold rush in 1850-51 when the Chinese immigrants came to Australia for the gold rush in search of gold. In late 1854, the first Chinese lodging houses were created in Little Bourke Street and Celestial Avenue. This specific place was considered suitable for the settlers, as it was a staging post for new Chinese colonists and supplies enroute to the goldfield. It is known to be the oldest Chinatown in Australia. The goldfield ultimately diminished, which caused a shift from rural living and the arrival of people migrating into metropolitan Melbourne.

Chinatown Melbourne
Dating back to the gold rush era, Chinatown in Melbourne is the longest continuous Chinese settlement in the western world.

After the fading of the gold rush, when the mining of gold became far less profitable, market gardening became the subsequent most common Chinese occupation, especially in Victoria. Up until the 1900s, almost one-third of the Chinese population in Victoria was involved in market gardening. Even during the goldfield era, the Chinese grew their vegetables, in many cases earning more money than mining in the goldfield. In Melbourne, there were market gardens along Merri Creek and in Suburbs such as Brighton and Caulfield. Chinese used handmade tools for work gardening work.


China is known as the “mother of gardens.” Being marginally larger in mass than the United States, the number of native species of higher pants of China is close to 30,000, of which 7000 are trees around one-eighth of the world’s total. The majority of the garden around the globe possibly comprise at least one plant originating in China, more likely many. Following are the five best Chinese plants.

1)   DOVE TREE (Davidia involucrate)

The dove tree, also known as the handkerchief tree, belongs to the family Cornaceae. The dove tree is native to Chine but can also cultivate in other parts of the world. This tree has come to be a famous decorative tree in gardens in Australia. This plant is temperately fast-growing. The height of this plant ranges from 15-20 metres.

Davidia involucrate handkerchief tree DOVE TREE - Chinese Garden Ideas Pictures
Flowers of a dove tree or handkerchief tree, Davidia involucrata - Chinese Garden Ideas Pictures

The leaves of the dove tree are small and heart-shaped. Its flower cannot be seen easily and has two attractive and big white bracts suspended from the stem-like handkerchief. Ta’s why this plant is also known as the handkerchief plant. The flower is located between these bracts. This plant requires a temperate and cold climate. Dove plants grow well in full sun or semi-shade. This plant requires Well-drained and rich soil.

2)   CHINESE PISTACHIO (Pistacia chinensis)

The Chinese pistachio is a lovely small and medium deciduous tree used as an ornamental shade tree. This tree is drought tolerant and has a neat hemispherical appearance. Chinese pistachio grows well in full sun to partial shade on moderately fertile, well-drained soils. This plant provides good Autumn colour, with leaves turning beautiful shades of orange and red.

Chinese Pistachio
The Chinese pistachio provides great Autumn colour for your Melbourne garden, with leaves turning beautiful shades of orange and red.

The Chinese Pistachio produces panicles of greenish flowers in April and May. The female tree of the Chinese pistachio attracts birds by bearing small white flowers.

Chinese Pistachio (Pistacia chinensis)
Chinese Pistache grows best in full sun, being intolerant of shade. It is a popular choice for street trees in urban settings because it is very drought tolerant and can survive harsh environments.

Chinese Pistachio (Pistacia chinensis) is drought tolerant and has a neat hemispherical appearance. Chinese pistachio grows well in full sun to partial shade on moderately fertile, well-drained soils. It also produces small round orange to red drupes that ripens in October. The bark of growing Chinese pistachio is grayish brown and, if peeled from the tree, reveals a shocking salmon pink interior.

3)   Ginkgo (Ginkgo biloba)

Ginkgo, also known as maidenhair tree, is a deciduous tree native to China. Since ancient times, this plant has been planted in Chinese and Japanese temple gardens and is now valued in several parts of the world like a fungus and insect-resistant ornamental plant. This plant can tolerate cold weather and also can survive in adverse atmospheric conditions of urban areas.

Gingko Tree - Maidenhair Tree - Chinese Garden Landscape Design
Ginkgo biloba tree in yellow , golden leaves of Ginkgo Biloba autumn colours (gingko tree, maidenhair tree)

The ginkgo tree is pyramidal in shape with a sparingly branched trunk up to 30 metres tall. Ginkgo has been used in traditional Chinese medicine.

Ginkgo, also known as maidenhair tree, is a deciduous tree native to China - Chinese Bamboo Garden Design
A young Ginkgo Tree, also known as maidenhair tree, is a deciduous tree native to China.

At the end of the 20th century, the extract of ginkgo was used for its supposed memory-enhancing property. Many varieties are also available for landscape use, including columnar types and others favoured for better growth habits, fall colour, and other desired qualities.


Bamboos are a woody perennial plant that belongs to the true grass family Poaceae. The plant size is different from species to species, from giant timber to small annuals. Bamboo species are mainly divided into two main types such as runners and clumpers. Running produce shots several metres away from parent plant whereas clumpers trees grow into a slowly expanding tuft. Planting bamboo in the ground requires minimal preparation of soil. Just dig the soil and plant the clunking varieties.  Bamboo grows best in well-drained soil. Bamboo is a versatile plant but choosing a suitable variety is essential when growing it in a garden.

5)   CHRYSANTHEMUM (Chrysanthemum indicum)

Chrysanthemum is a member of the Compositae family and is available in a wide range of brilliant colours, shapes, and sizes. Chrysanthemum is first cultivated in China as a flowering herb back in the 15th century B.C. The chrysanthemum flower ranges from dazzling whites to dep bronzes, and the plants are highlighted with full dark green leaves.

Chrysanthemums have been bred to produce flowers in a range of beautiful colours.

Chrysanthemums prefer full sun therefore, keep them away from shady trees and large bushes. It requires well-drained and evenly moist soil. This plant does not like standing water and will quickly rot if lifted too wet. This plant is a heavy feeder and should be fertilised monthly. Sprinkle a balanced fertiliser at the rate of 10:10:10 around the plant. Maintain good air circulation around the plant. Stop fertilising when the flower bud emerges.

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Climbing Fig (Ficus pumila)

5 Best Ficus Plants for Melbourne Landscaping

The genus Ficus, also known as fig, belongs to the family Moraceae and includes about 850 species distributed in tropical and subtropical zones. Figs are woody trees, shrubs, climbers, epiphytes, and hemi-epiphytic. Ficus are native to the tropics of Asia, Africa, Australia, and Central America. Many Ficus are tall forest trees that are supported by great spreading roots, while some are planted as ornamentals.

Physiology of Ficus

Many Ficus species are evergreen. There are few deciduous members in non-tropical areas. Their leaves are generally waxy and simple and mostly emanate white or yellow latex when broken. Several species of Ficus have aerial roots, and many are epiphytic. The unfamiliar fruit structure, called a syconium, is hollow, enclosing an inflorescence with tiny male and female flowers covering the inside.

Fig Wasps ficus fruit - Reds Landscaping and Design
Some native Australian fig trees need fig wasps for successful pollination and the wasps rely on the tree to complete their lifecycle.

An exceptional pollination syndrome describes members of the Ficus genus. Each species is pollinated by and houses a specific wasp. This unique pollination system has an important influence on the tropical forest ecosystem.

Ficus Wasp Fig - Reds Landscaping and Design
In the USA a Hornet (Dolichovespula maculata) feeding on ripe fig (Ficus).

When a pollen-bearing wasp leaves a Ficus plant, the fruit quickly ripens, providing an ironic banquet that fascinates a host of mammals and birds However, as a sign of a short lifetime of adult wasps, some trees receive and release fig wasps during the year. The outcome of this pattern results in a steady supply of fruit, making Ficus fruits a critical resource for many animals when other foods are unavailable.

Importance of Ficus

Amongst the species which are cultivated, the Ficus afzelii, F. elastica, F. benghalensis, F. benjamna, F. infectoria, F. lyrata, F. pumila, F. microcarpa, F. ottoniifolia, F. parasitica, F. macrophylla, F. religiosa, F. pyriformis, F. platypylla, F. platiboda, F. laurifolia, F. roxbughii, etc. are grown for their ornamental values, either as landscape plants in the tropics and subtropics or as foliage plants used for interiorscaping. Additionally, the Ficus species have many useful and important natural products that are widely used as food and medicine.

Medicinal Uses

The Ficus plants are revealed to possess antidiabetic, anti-inflammatory, and anti-epilepsy properties. The species of Ficus are a significant source of compounds such as tannins, phenols, alkaloids, steroids, flavonoids, vitamin K, stigmasterol, β-sitosterol-d-glucoside, methyl oleanolic, and octacosanol, which are useful in immune-modulatory, hyperlipidaemia, hyperglycemia, anti-oxidant, anti-tumour, and anti-bacterial. Here are the five (5) best Ficus plants which you can grow in your garden for ornamental purposes in Melbourne.


1) Rubber Plant (Ficus elastica)

The common name of Ficus elastic is Rubber Plant. It is native to Southeast Asia. They are not related to the rubber trees (Hevea brasiliensis) from which rubber is derived. They contain a latex-like substance similar to the latex-derived Hevea brasiliensis. The latex derived from Ficus elastica is toxic if ingested. It is also harmful to the skin and eyes and irritates them, so be careful when handling these plants. It is a good idaea to wear gloves whenever you handle this plant.

Ficus Elastica - Reds Landscaping and Design
Ficus Elastica (Rubber Plant) is an attractive indoor plant. Very easy to propagate, they are also tolerant of low light and dry air indoors.

Due to the large and glossy leaves, Ficus elastica is the exotic and decorative choice for outdoors, but its limited hardiness makes it too delicate to plunk in a sunny yard. Ficus elastica is related to the banyan tree and grows aerial roots like a banyan. The height of this plant is up to 100 feet tall. The tree has broad, oval-shaped, shiny leaves about 12 inches long. Most leaves were dark green, but due to new cultivars, some variation was observed. Small white flowers are common when the trees are grown outdoors but rare when grown indoors. The trees do not produce fruit outside their native range because the fig moth that pollinates the flowers is found in Southeast Asia.

Caring for elastica

The plant requires full sun or partial shade to grow outdoors. They favour heat and humidity, so covering the roots in the 2-inch layer of mulch should be good for them due to the way the soil will stay moist for a longer period. Watering the tree in the morning is best because water on leaves during the night is an invitation to diseases. After three months with a balanced fertiliser such as 10:10:10 NPK during the growing season, fertilising the tree is better. Remove the dead leaves and branches to avoid disease and insect infestation.

Uses of Elastica

The rubber plant (Ficus elastica) is attractive. In addition to that, there are several benefits that this plant can provide you with.

  • Air purifiers: Rubber plants can absorb and convert airborne chemicals into harmless ones. It increases breathable oxygen and eliminates microbes from the air.
  • Air Cleaning: Due to the large surface area of the rubber leaves, they absorb air-containing pollutants and chemicals.
  • Inexpensive: The rubber plant is not expensive. You can easily afford and manage it.
  • Anti-Bacterial: Studies have shown that about 1800 kinds of bacteria are present in the air. The rubber plant can reduce bacteria from the air by up to 50%.
  • Waxy colourful foliage: You can decorate your garden with this eye-catching plant. Their leaves are waxy and slippery to the touch.

2) Weeping fig (Ficus benjamina)

Ficus Benjamina, commonly known as Weeping fig, is a native species to tropical Southeast Asia which is generally grown indoors, but can grow up to 60 feet tall and 60 to 70 feet wide when grown outdoors. The dense, rounded canopy and elegantly drooping branches of the weeping fig made it relatively famous as a landscape tree.

Ficus benjamina - Reds Landscaping and Design
Ficus benjamina as an indoor plant is great for interior decoration.

The thick, shiny, two to five-inch long, evergreen leaves kindly cover the long branches, and the small figs ultimately turn a deep red. Branches will weep towards the ground, making a canopy so thick that nothing rows below it.

Caring for Ficus Benjamina

Weeping figs need full sunlight and fast-draining, productive, loamy soil. With the proper attention, these evergreen trees will flourish outdoors. When the top 1-2 inches of the soil becomes dry, then water is necessary for this tree. Keep the soil equally humid, avoiding dryness but never damp. Fertilise the tree once in the growing season with 10:10:10 NPK slow-release fertiliser. Pull the weeds growing around the tree and eliminate any dead plant material on the ground beneath the tree's canopy. Prune the weeping fig each year in the late winter just past when vigorous, fast-growth starts. I checked the leaves consistently for whiteflies, brown to white scale, green aphids, etc. Spray infestations with insecticidal soap or neem oil to eliminate pests.

Uses for Ficus Benjamina

  • Weeping fig contains some bioactive substances such as flavonoids, vitamin A and C, sugars, and enzymes that show anti-microbial, anti-pyretic, and anti-dysentery properties.
  • This tree is an air purifier, particularly filtering for formaldehyde, xylene, and toluene.
  • Indigenous communities use the extract of weeping fig leaves and fruits to treat respiratory and skin diseases.
  • It is also used as an anti-inflammatory, for vomiting, piles, malaria, and cancer treatment.
  • Weeping fig is inexpensive and easy to take care of.

3) Climbing Fig (Ficus pumila)

Ficus pumila, usually known as climbing fig or creeping fig, is a general vigorous, fast-growing evergreen ground and wall cover vine that can climb up to 20 feet or more when grown outdoors. The presence of dense, fast-growing small dark green and overlying leaves on fat stems makes the climbing fig a preferred vine to grow on the walls, where it gives to a delicate shape in its early growth stages.

Climbing Fig Glen Iris - Reds Landscaping and Design
A Climbing Fig (Ficus pumila) growing on a brick wall in Glen Iris.

Climbing figs can also be grown as a ground cover, growing to around 50mm high. It later develops larger leaves and woody growth. Creeping fig developed as a ground cover needs consistent pruning along the ends to keep it well-ordered and within the boundaries.

Caring for Ficus Pumila

Partial shade or full sun is suitable for Ficus pumila to grow outdoors. Full sunlight or complete shade is not always the best choice for this plant. A few months are required for the newly planted Ficus pumila to establish itself before sending out vigorous shoots. Young growth can cover a wall in two to three years. Ficus pumila does not need frequent watering during the cold season. During the summer, it should be watered regularly. The main trick is to avoid over-watering. Climbing figs will latch onto a vertical surface with tiny tendrils and be trained by pruning to stay flat. Two or three times a year, clip away new layers to encourage ore growth and prevent leaves from turning dark green.

Uses of Ficus Pumila

With the addition of ornamental uses, Ficus pumila has the following medicinal benefits:

  • The berries of Ficus pumila are used for the production of jams and jellies.
  • Their latex has anthelmintic (the group of anti-parasites that expel parasitic worms from the body) properties.
  • Stems and leaves are used in traditional Chinese medicine as a tonic and to treat fever.
  • Leaves are used in Japan in beverages to treat diabetes and high blood pressure.
  • A decoction of fruit, stems, and leaves is used to treat joint pain due to arthritis.
  • Roots used to treat bladder problems and persuade urination.

4) Moreton Bay fig (Ficus macrophyla)

Moreton Bay fig (Ficus macrophylla) is one of Australia's most widely planted natives, growing naturally in coastal New South Wales and southern Queensland. Moreton Bay Fig is a huge, extensive spreading, broad crowned evergreen tree growing to a height of 10–15 metres with a similar canopy spread.


Moreton Bay fig - Reds Landscaping and Design
The inclined roots of the Ficus Macrophylla create a dramatic garden feature when lit with garden uplighting.

The trunks are frequently strengthened, and the roots tend to grow along the surface. In moist or humid conditions, aerial roots form. The leaves, the tree's main feature, are 15–25 cm long by 5–10 cm wide, and are dark silky green above and lighter and rusty coloured below.


Ficus macrophylla Morton Bay Fig - Reds Landscaping and Design
Ficus macrophylla Morton Bay Fig in Royal Park Melbourne.

Caring for Ficus macropyla

Although it is quite easy to care for and is generally resistant to numerous pests and diseases, it does not mean that we can leave it without any care at all. Ficus macrophylla develops in good condition. You will need well-drained, moist soil and an area where there is plenty of natural light. It has a huge root system, so it is necessary to have a plan for the large space where it will be located. It does not need too much watering since it is a drought-resistant plant. So it is perfect for those places where rain is not very frequent.

Uses for Ficus macropyla

The Moreton Bay fig plant has been extensively used in public parks and big lawns in frost-free areas.

5) The Common Fig (Ficus carica)

Ficus carica, the common fig, is a rapidly growing tree, spread by both seeds and cuttings. It is known to be invasive in Australia. It has been cultivated since ancient times and is now widely grown worldwide, both for its fruit and as an ornamental plant.

Ficus carica - Reds Landscaping and Design
Ficus carica, the common fig, is a rapidly growing tree spread by both seeds and cuttings.

This fig plant is a small deciduous tree or large shrub growing up to 7–10 metres tall. The leaves of this plant have five deep lobes. The fruit is tear-shaped, with green skin that turns purple or brown when ripe. The fruit has a sweet, soft flesh containing numerous crunchy seeds.

The Common Fig - Reds Landscaping and Design
The leaves of The Common Fig have five deep lobes. The fruit is tear-shaped, having green skin which turns purple or brown when ripened. The fruit is sweet soft flesh containing numerous crunchy seeds.

Caring for the Carica

A warm, temperate region is favourable for Ficus carica. Porous soil having good drainage properties is suitable for this plant. A minimum of 8 hours of direct sunlight is required for this plant to flourish. The dry season, as well as the cold season, is also suitable. A young tree can die in chilly temperatures. The requirement for water can be met with rainwater or underground water. However, do water if you notice the signs of drought stress. The water requirement is dependent on weather and soil nutrients. The tree requires regular pruning, but only during the first few years. Ideally, it would be best if you pruned it before the spring blossoms. Once the tree is established, you can avoid pruning it.

Uses of Carica

Some of the important uses of the fig (Ficus carica) are given below.

  • Fruits are a great source of phosphorus, iron, calcium, and fibre (when dry)
  • Studies show that fig fruit is used worldwide to treat several diseases, such as gastric problems, cancer, and inflammation.
  • Ficus carica represents an important source of biochemically active compounds, which are practically used to treat and prevent various ailments like anaemia, cancer, diabetes, liver diseases, paralysis, skin diseases, and ulcers.
  • Fig fruit can be used as the main ingredient for fresh smoothies.

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